Electrical and structural properties of zinc substituted nickel ferrites synthesized by sol-gel tech
Sunita Khangembam, Maisnam Victory, Waikhom Surchandra, Sumitra Phanjoubam
Volume 2, Issue 3, Page 162-166, Year 2017 | DOI: 10.5185/amp.2017/306
Keywords: Ni ferrite, sol-gel, XRD, SEM, dielectric.
Abstract: Recent technological breakthroughs and the desire for new functions generate an enormous demand for synthesizing new materials through different ways and methods which show superior properties compared with their pure counterparts. Presently, polycrystalline zinc doped nickel ferrites having the compositional formula Ni1-xZnxFe2O4 where x = 0.0, 0.1, 0.2 and 0.4 were synthesized. Sol-gel auto combustion method was adopted for the preparation of these ferrites since it provides a simple and economic alternative technique ensuring good stoichiometric control, production of particles with narrow size distribution in a relatively shorter time, good homogeneity and high sinterability at lower temperature. Structural studies were carried out by XRD. Various structural properties like lattice parameter, crystallite size and density were calculated from the XRD data. Micro structural studies were carried out using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), while the elemental compositions of all the samples were studied by Energy Dispersive X-ray Analysis (EDAX). The frequency variation of room temperature dielectric constant and dielectric loss was studied in the frequency range 100Hz – 1MHz and dispersive behavior was observed. The room temperature dc resistivity of all the samples was also investigated. Zn substituted nickel ferrites are found to be useful in microwave and electronic devices. Copyright © 2017 VBRI Press.