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Research Article Open Access

Hand CO gas sensor from SnO2/polyaniline composite nanofibers fabricated by electrospinning

Hemlata J. Sharma*, Megha A. Salorkar, Subhash B. Kondawar

Department of Physics, Rashtrasant Tukadoji Maharaj Nagpur University, Nagpur 440033, India

Adv. Mater. Proc., 2017, 2 (1), 61-66

DOI: 10.5185/amp.2017/114

Publication Date (Web):01 January 2017

Copyright © IAAM-VBRI Press



Electrospun nanofibers of Polyaniline (PANI)/SnO2 composite based gas sensor for hydrogen (H2) and carbon monoxide (CO) gas were prepared by electrospinning technique. The synthesized material was characterized using UV-Visible, XRD and SEM-EDX analyses. The average diameter of PANI/SnO2 composite was found to be high as compared to that of pristine SnO2 nanofibers having 200 nm diameter may be due to micelle formation of PANI on the surface of SnO2 nanofibers.
The enhanced sensing properties in the form of sensitivity factor, time taken to response and recovery during exposure and de-exposure of Gas and repeatability were studied. The SnO2/PANI composite nanofibers showed high sensitivity and response to H2 gas compared to CO gas to 0.1% and maximum sensitivity was observed at 35˚C for H2 gas. Fast Response-Recovery Time for 1000-5000 ppm of H2 i.e. less than 30 secs were observed. Due to room temperature operation of the sensor, it is promising for environmental applications. The results indicate that aligned SnO2/PANI composite fibers are promising candidate for fast detection of H2 gas. Copyright © 2017 VBRI Press.


Nanofibers, polyaniline/SnO2, nanocomposites, electrospinning, gas sensing.