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Review Article Open Access

Alternative Methods for Chemical Disinfection of Potable Water

Trupti Kekare1*, Dhananjay Bhatkhande1, Tanushree Bhattacharjee1, Shraddha Khamparia2

1Chemical Engineering, Vishwakarma Institute of Technology, Savitribai Phule Pune University, Upper Indira Nagar, Bibwewadi, Pune 411037, India

2Science and Technology, Vishwakarma University, Vishwakarma University, Kondhwa Rd, Laxmi Nagar, Betal Nagar, Kondhwa, Pune 411048, India

Adv. Mater. Proc., 2020, 5 (4), 20040416

DOI: 10.5185/amp.2020.040416

Publication Date (Web):10/08/2020

Copyright © IAAM-VBRI Press

Abstract


Microbial contamination in drinking water proves to be a sustainable threat to human health. Several methods are being utilized for disinfecting contaminated drinking water varies from simple boiling method to advanced technologies such as membrane technologies (Micro filtration, Ultra filtration, Reverse osmosis). Various chemical methods practiced are chlorination, ozone, hydrogen peroxide, iodine, bromine, and peracetic acid treatment. Chemical disinfectants lead to formation of toxic by-product which degrade the quality of water. The present review paper discusses alternative methods for chemical disinfection of potable water.

Keywords


Disinfection, chlorination, UV radiation, green disinfection methods.