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Research Article Open Access

A Gower TOPSIS Method for Optimization of Machining Parameters of Nimonic 80A under Cryogenic Cooling and Minimum Quantity Lubrication

V. Anandan1*, G. Manimaran2, G. Uthra3

1Department of Mathematics, Saveetha Engineering College, Chennai, India
2Department of Mechanical Engineering, Saveetha Engineering College, Chennai, India
3Department of Mathematics, Pachaiyappa’s College for Men, Chennai, India

Adv. Mater. Proc., 2020, 5 (1), 20010390

DOI: 10.5185/amp.2020.010390

Publication Date (Web):01 January 2020

Copyright © IAAM-VBRI Press

Abstract


The conventional flood cooling method fails to minimize the heat generation in the cutting areas and make adverse effect on the environment during machining process. Hence CMQL (Cryogenic Minimum Quantity Lubrication) is used as coolant in this work, which gives lubrication and reduces the temperature to greater extend and also it is environment friendly. The selection of cutting conditions and appropriate tools for efficient machining process is a challenging process, hence it is necessary to optimize the machining parameters. A modified TOPSIS method using Gower distance has been proposed in this paper for the optimization of Nimonic 80A alloy. The machining parameters such as Surface Roughness (Ra) and Temperature (T) under 3 different environments namely (i) dry, (ii) wet and (iii) cryogenic MQL with different feed rate & cutting speed are examined in the optimization of Nimonic 80A alloy. Optimized results confirm that environment and feed rate are dominant factors and the environment influence is about 84.6%, followed by feed rate at 10.1%. Cryogenic MQL has better effectiveness compared to conventional cooling. The modified TOPSIS method is found to be more effective in machining problems.

Keywords


Optimization, cryogenic, MQL, nimonic 80A, TOPSIS, MCDM.