Smart Vehicle Lighting System Based On A-SiCH Technology
Manuel A. Vieira, Manuela Vieira, Paula Louro, Pedro Vieira
Volume 3, Issue 9, Page 544-549, Year 2018 | DOI: 10.5185/amp.2018/1405
Keywords: Amorphous SiC technology, light emitting diodes, visible light communication, intelligent transportation system, photosensitive detectors, WDM.
Abstract: In this paper the use of Visible Light Communication (VLC) in Vehicle Communication Systems is analyzed. The system aims to ensure communication between LED based emitters and SiC based receivers located at the vehicles. The proposed smart lighting system combines the functions of lighting, positioning, and communications. The SiC receivers is used as a encoder/decoder device. This photosensitive element features active filter properties, it multiplexes the modulated polychromatic signal coming from the LEDs in an electrical signal, performs multiplexing/demultiplexing techniques and decode the received information. A traffic scenario is established and two connected vehicular communications simulated. Infrastructure-to-Vehicle (I2V) follow by Vehicle-to-Vehicle (V2V) communications are analyzed. In the V2V communication, the emitter is based on the front headlights of the vehicle, while for the study of the I2V communication system, the emitter was built on the streetlights. The VLC receiver acts as a Wavelength Division Multiplexer (WDM) and increases the signal conditioning capability to decode the transmitted information. Each receiver is a two terminal p-i'(a-SiC:H)-n/p-i(a-Si:H)-n heterostructure located on both the tails and on the top roof of vehicles. The spectral sensitivity of the receiver and its optical gain are analyzed. For message transmission, the individual chips of the white trichromatic RGB LEDs are modulated acting, for data transfer, as individual VLC channels. A violet LED is used for error control and to identify the ID position of the transmitter. Free space is the medium of transmission. An on-off modulation scheme (OOK) is used to transmit data. An algorithm for decoding information is established. The connected I2V2V system was tested. The experimental results show that using white modulated LEDs for lighting and data transmission and a SiC WDM device to decode the information is possible to build a VLC vehicular system that ensures de communication between the outside infrastructures and the cars. Copyright © 2018 VBRI Press.