Experimental Study On Performance Characteristics Of Ni-rich NiTi Shape Memory Alloy In Wire Electric Discharge Machining (WEDM)
Himanshu Bisaria, Pragya Shandilya
Volume 3, Issue 5, Page 335-339, Year 2018 | DOI: 10.5185/amp.2018/865
Keywords: WEDM, Ni55.95Ti44.05, SMA, SEM, EDS, XRD
Abstract: Ni-rich NiTi shape memory alloys (SMAs) are gaining more prominence compared to near equiatomic NiTi SMAs due to their excellent superelasticity and shape memory properties. The low density and high work output compared to steels make them an excellent choice for automotive and aerospace industries. The study explores the effect of machining parameters, namely, pulse off time, pulse on time, spark gap voltage, wire tension and wire feed rate on material removal rate (MRR), surface roughness (Ra), and surface morphology of Ni-rich NiTi SMA. The experimental results reveal that MRR & Ra increase with the increase in pulse on time while decrease with the increase in pulse off time and spark gap voltage. Wire feed rate and wire tension have negligible influence on MRR and SR. Surface defects, namely, recast layer, micro-cracks & voids were examined through scanning electron microscope (SEM). Energy dispersive X-ray (EDS) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis results reveal the material transfer from wire electrode and the dielectric fluid on the machined surface. Copyright © 2018 VBRI Press.