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Review Article Open Access

A review on the electrical and electrochemical behavior of composites based on carbon nanotube, graphene and their derivatives

 

Sandip Maitia,b^, Sumanta Kumar Karana^, Jin Kon Kim*b and Bhanu Bhusan Khatua*a

 

aMaterials Science Centre, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur 721302, India.

bNational Creative Research Initiative Center for Smart Block Copolymers, Department of Chemical Engineering, Pohang University of Science and Technology, Pohang, Kyungbuk 790-784, Republic of Korea

Adv. Mater. Proc., 2018, 3 (4), 230-273

DOI: 10.5185/amp.2018/827

Publication Date (Web):05 April 2018

Copyright © IAAM-VBRI Press

Abstract


Abstract

Today, we stand at the edge of exploring carbon nanotube (CNT) and graphene based polymer composites and supercapacitors as next generation multifunctional materials. Supercapacitor materials have been alternative energy source in modern electronics era. Due to their excellent electrical, mechanical and thermal properties, CNTs, graphene and their derivatives have been most promising nanofillers in different fields of applications. In this review, we have focused electrical conductivity of the polymer composites as well as supercapacitor behavior of composites based on CNTs, graphene and their derivatives. To enhance the electrical and supercapacitor properties of the composites, nanofillers are functionalized or chemically modified through different techniques. Here, we have discussed the structure, preparation, electrical and supercapacitor properties of different composites based on CNTs, graphene and their derivatives along with detailed reported scientific literature. Copyright © 2018 VBRI Press.

Keywords


Carbon nanotubes, graphene, electrical conductivity, supercapacitor, composites, modification of carbon nanotubes and grapheme.