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Research Article Open Access

Structural and optical property changes of zin oxide nanopowders doped with cobalt and indium metals mechano-chemically



Mahlatse F. Manamela1*, Thuto E. Mosuang1*, Bonex W. Mwakikunga2


1Department of Physics, University of Limpopo, University Road, Mankweng, Polokwane, 0727, South Africa.

2National Centre for Nano-Structured Materials, Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, University,
Meiring Naude Road, Brummeria, Pretoria, 0001, South Africa.

Adv. Mater. Proc., 2018, 3 (4), 213-217

DOI: 10.5185/amp.2018/401

Publication Date (Web):05 April 2018

Copyright © IAAM-VBRI Press



The mechano-chemical technique was employed to synthesise cobalt and indium single and double doped as well as the undoped ZnO nanopowder samples. The X-ray diffraction (XRD) and energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) results confirm that the prepared samples were of hexagonal wurzite form. A new peak was observed in the diffraction pattern of the
In doped ZnO nanopowders. Doping the ZnO nanoparticles with Co and In did not significantly affect the lattice parameters, even though the average grain sizes were found to be reduced. The morphology of the samples revealed by the scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images appear to be more spherical. The excitation wavelength of 350 nm was used in the photoluminescence (PL) study where various defects related emissions were observed for the doped and undoped ZnO nanoparticles. The energy band gap of the prepared samples was calculated from the ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy
(UV-Vis) data. It was found that the doped ZnO nanoparticles had smaller energy band gap compared to the undoped ZnO nanoparticles. The Raman experiment were performed at the excitation wavelength of 514.532 nm and E2 (high) mode had the most intense peak. Copyright © 2018 VBRI Press.


ZnO, Cobalt, indium, mechano-chemical, ball milling.