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Research Article Open Access

Effect of silicon carbide nanoparticles on dielectric (2.45 GHz) and thermal properties of epoxy nanocomposites for microwave curing



Ranu Pal1*, Sandeep Kumar Singh1, M.J. Akhtar1,2, Kamal K. Kar1,3

1Department of Materials Science Programme, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, Kanpur, 208016, India

2Department of Electrical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, 208016, India

3Department of Mechanical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, 208016, India

Adv. Mater. Proc., 2018, 3 (3), 170-174

DOI: 10.5185/amp.2018/013

Publication Date (Web):05 March 2018

Copyright © IAAM-VBRI Press



Efforts to use microwaves in material processing are gradually increasing. However, the phenomenon associated with the processing is less understood. The conversion of electromagnetic energy into heat depends largely on the dielectric properties of the material being treated. Therefore, the fundamental knowledge of these properties is essential for processing of materials using microwaves. In this study, first the dielectric evolution of silicon carbide (SiC) infused epoxy nanocomposites prepared at room temperature with 0-0.3 wt% content of SiC was measured. Secondly, the dielectric properties of the prepared nanocomposites after heating for 10 min in microwaves at a power of 500 W were investigated in order to see the effect of microwave curing. The dielectric properties of all the samples were measured at the microwave frequency of 2.45 GHz using the advanced cavity perturbation method attached to a vector Network Analyzer (VNA). The results indicate that the dielectric properties of the resultant nanocomposites increase with the increase in SiC content as compared to the neat epoxy sample. However, the dielectric properties were found to be decrease after microwave curing signaling the maximum possible extent of curing. This indicates that reinforcement of SiC nanoparticles in epoxy makes them ideal candidates for efficient microwave curing of nanocomposites. Lastly, the determination of thermal properties also confirms the maximum possible extent of curing of epoxy using SiC as nanofillers. Copyright © 2018 VBRI Press. 


Dielectric properties, silicon carbide, microwave curing, glass transition temperature.