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Research Article Open Access

Rietveld refinement of barium substituted bismuth ferrite synthesized using sol-gel technique

Anju1*, Ashish Agarwal2, Praveen Aghamkar1


1Materials Science Lab, Department of Physics, Chaudhary Devi Lal University, Sirsa 125055, India

2Department of Applied Physics, Guru Jambheshwar University of Science & Technology, Hisar125001, India

Adv. Mater. Proc., 2017, 2 (6), 407-409

DOI: 10.5185/amp.2017/612

Publication Date (Web):05 June 2017

Copyright © IAAM-VBRI Press


Barium substituted bismuth ferrite (Bi0.8Ba0.2FeO3) was synthesized using ethylene glycol based sol-gel method followed by heat treatment at 800°C for 15 min. In order to study the effect of barium substitution on structural parameters the rietveld refinement of the sample was performed. Structural transition from the rhombohedral perovskite (ABO3) crystal structure to pseudo-cubic has been confirmed. Ba substitution at Bi site suppresses the secondary phases of BiFeO3 such as Bi2Fe4O9, Bi25FeO39 etc. The crystallite size of the prepared barium substituted BiFeO3 (BBFO) nano-multiferroic calcined at 800°C is found to be ~ 20 nm.  The functional groups in the calcined sample were identified by FTIR analysis. TG-DSC analysis of the sample has also been performed. It is expected that structural changes made by barium in BiFeO3 would also affect its magnetic behavior. Copyright © 2017 VBRI Press.


Structural, rhombohedral, perovskite, nano-multiferroic, rietveld analysis.