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Research Article Open Access

A new synthetic approach of nano-sized polyaniline cathode material for zinc-polyaniline rechargeable battery

Bharat C. Dalui1*, Bikash Mandal2, Debalina Das2, Susanta Ghosh3, I. Basumallick2    

1Department of Physics, Katwa College, Katwa, West Bengal  713130, India.

2Department of Chemistry, Visva-Bharati (A Central University), Santiniketan, West Bengal 731235, India.

3Integrated Science Education and Research Center, Visva-Bharati (A Central University), Santiniketan, West Bengal 731235, India.

Adv. Mater. Proc., 2017, 2 (6), 402-406

DOI: 10.5185/amp.2017/611

Publication Date (Web):05 June 2017

Copyright © IAAM-VBRI Press

Abstract


Abstract

The electrochemical performances of electrochemically synthesized polyanilinenano (nPANI) material as cathode vs. zinc metal as anode is investigated.The nPANI particle is synthesized by galvanostatic electro-oxidation of aniline from interfacial solution on metal electrode surface and characterized by UV-Visible, FTIR, powder XRD and TEM. The material is crystalline nano spheres with meso pores among them, uniformly distributed and dispersed. The sizes of the particles lie in 50-100 nm region. This nPANI is used as cathode material in Zn│(NH4)2SO4, ZnSO4(aq)│nPANI battery and its electrochemical performances is investigated by galvanostatic charge-discharge cycling. The electrochemical cell exhibits an open circuit potential of 1.3 volts and a discharge plateau with an average discharge potential of 1.1 volts. The maximum discharge capacity observed is 250 Ah.Kg-1.Copyright © 2017 VBRI Press.

Keywords


Nano polyaniline, biphasial method, TEM image, cathode material, charge-discharge.