Synthesis and characterization of (Ba,Ca)TiO3 - (Ni,Co,Zn)Fe2O4 multiferroic particulate composite
Richa Sharma, N. C. Mehra, R. P. Tandon
Volume 2, Issue 4, Page 242-246, Year 2017 | DOI: 10.5185/amp.2017/408
Keywords: Composite materials, ferroelectric, dielectric properties, magnetic properties, ferrite.
Abstract: In the present work, the composite series (1-x) Ba0.94Ca0.06TiO3 - (x) Ni0.7Co0.1Zn0.2Fe2O4 (where x = 0.1, 0.2, 0.3 and 0.4 wt. fraction) was synthesized by solid state reaction method followed by conventional sintering. The structure and morphology of prepared samples were examined using X-ray diffractometer (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM), respectively. In addition, dielectric constant (ε?) and loss tangent (tan δ) of prepared samples were measured as a function of frequency and temperature. The room temperature values of dielectric constant (ε?) of composite samples are found to decrease from 529.29 to 159.52 as ferrite content increased from x = 0.1 to x = 0.4 at 1 kHz frequency. Moreover, in the dielectric constant vs. temperature plots of the composite samples, ferroelectric to paraelectric phase transition of pure Ba0.94Ca0.06TiO3 is observed. Furthermore, ferroelectric and magnetic properties of the composite samples were studied at room temperature. With increasing addition of the ferrite content in the composites, the ferroelectric properties get weakened and the magnetic behavior of the composite samples improved. The maximum values of saturation magnetization (Ms) and remanant magnetization (Mr) are 22.52 emu/gm and 3.39 emu/gm, respectively, for composite sample containing 0.4 wt. fraction Ni0.7Co0.1Zn0.2Fe2O4. Copyright © 2017 VBRI Press