Facile synthesis of few layer graphene from bituminous coal and its application towards electrochemical sensing of caffeine

E. Senthil Kumar1, V. Sivasankar2, R. Sureshbabu3, S. Raghu2*, R. A. Kalaivani1*

1Department of Chemistry, Vels University, Chennai, 600117, India

2Vels Advanced Energy Research Centre, Vels University, Chennai, 600117, India

3Centro Federal de Educação Tecnológica, Celso Suckow da Fonseca, Rio de Janeiro, 20271110, Brazil

Adv. Mater. Lett., 2017, 8 (3), pp 239-245

DOI: 10.5185/amlett.2017.7048

Publication Date (Web): Jan 28, 2017

E-mail: rakvani@yahoo.co.in, subraghu_0612@yahoo.co.in

Abstract


A simple, cost-effective, sensitive and highly selective method for the detection of caffeine has been developed at graphene modified carbon paste electrodes (GME). We synthesis of graphene oxide (GO) derived from bituminous coal by improved modified Hummers method. The synthesized graphene were characterized by UV-Visible Spectroscopy, FT-IR and Raman Spectroscopy, X-ray Diffraction Studies, Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy (FE-SEM) and High Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy (HR-TEM).  An electrochemical behavior of caffeine at the coal derived from graphene modified electrode was investigated by cyclic voltammetry (CV) and chronoamperometry (CA). By way of a result, graphene modified electrode (GME) showed good electrocatalytic activity towards the oxidation of caffeine. Under the optimized tentative conditions, caffeine was sensed in the concentration range from 0.2 to120 µmol L-1 with a detection limit of 90 nm molL-1 at a signal-to-noise ratio = 3. Hence, the graphene modified electrode (GME) could be used for the determination of caffeine in soft-drinks samples with high sensitivity and good selectivity. In this chronoamperometry shows a high catalytic currents are desirable for applications such as use in sensors. 

Keywords

Bituminous coal, few&ndash,layer graphene, carbon paste electrode and cyclic voltammetry, chronoamperometry.

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