Preparation Of High-performance Photocatalytic Core-shell Lamellar Nanostructures ZnO-(Si)-ZnO With high Specific Surface Area

Richard Dvorsky1,2,3*, Ji?í Bedná?1, Ladislav Svoboda4, Karolína Šollová2, Jana Kukutschova1, Pavlína Peikertova1, Dalibor Matýsek5

1Nanotechnology Centre, VŠB-Technical University of Ostrava, Ostrava, Czech Republic

2Department of Physics, VŠB-Technical University of Ostrava, Ostrava, Czech Republic

3Regional Materials Science and Technology Centre, VŠB-Technical University of Ostrava, Ostrava, Czech Republic

4Department of Chemistry, VŠB-Technical University of Ostrava, Ostrava, Czech Republic

5Institute of Clean Technologies for Mining and Utilization of Raw Materials for Energy Use,VŠB-Technical University of Ostrava, Ostrava, Czech Republic 

Adv. Mater. Lett., 2016, 7 (9), pp 730-734

DOI: 10.5185/amlett.2016.6380

Publication Date (Web): Jul 09, 2016

E-mail: richard.dvorsky@vsb.cz

Abstract


A new preparation method of lamellar core-shell ZnO-(Si)-ZnO nanostructures with high specific surface area and high photocatalytic efficiency is presented in this article. This novel method is based on the application of controlled vacuum sublimation of the frozen liquid dispersion of silicon nanoparticles which were prepared by using the "top-down" process in cavitation Water Jet Mill disintegrator. The particle size of thus disintegrated silicon nanoparticles was measured by dynamic light scattering (DLS). Final product ZnO-(Si)-ZnO was characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and amount of ZnO and Si was measured by energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy (EDAX). Specific surface area was obtained from Brunauer-Emmett-Teller analysis (BET). The photocatalytic activity of ZnO-(Si)-ZnO nanostructure was verified by the decomposition of methylene blue (MB) solution. The Final nanomaterial shows a relatively high specific surface area of 134 m2/g and significantly higher photocatalytic activity compared to standard TiO2 (Degussa P25). Such procedure based on the controlled vacuum sublimation of frozen liquid of suitable metal salts could be a promising method for obtaining photocatalytic nanomaterials with higher specific surface area.

Keywords

Nanoparticle, core-shell structure, photocatalysis, sorption.

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