Phytochemical Fabrication And Characterization Of Silver/ Silver Chloride Nanoparticles Using Albizia Julibrissin Flowers Extract

Akl M. Awwad1*, Nidá M. Salem2, Qusay M. Ibrahim1, Amany O. Abdeen1

1Department of Biotechnology and Nanomaterial, Scientific Research Center, Royal Scientific Society, Amman 11941, Jordan

2Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, the University of Jordan, Amman 11942, Jordan

Adv. Mater. Lett., 2015, 6 (8), pp 726-730

DOI: 10.5185/amlett.2015.5816

Publication Date (Web): Aug 02, 2015

E-mail: akl.awwad@yahoo.com, akl.awwad@rss.jo

Abstract


Silver/ silver chloride (Ag/AgCl-NPs) nanoparticles were synthesized by a simple procedure using Albizia julibrissin flowers extract. The flowers of Albizia julibrissin extract acts a reducing, chlorinated and capping agent in the formation of Ag/AgCl-NPs. UV-visible spectroscopy was used to monitor the quantitative formation of silver/ silver chloride nanoparticles. For complete conversion of silver ions to silver/ silver chloride nanoparticles, time of reaction is less than 5 min at temperature 80oC and 24h in dark conditions at room temperature. The synthesized Ag/AgCl-NPs nanoparticles were characterized with X-ray diffraction (XRD), UV-vis Spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Fourier transforms infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). UV-visible absorption studies revealed surface plasmon resonance (SPR) peak around 410-430 nm, confirming the presence of Ag/AgCl nanoparticles. The average particle size ranged from 5-20 nm. The particle size could be controlled by changing the flowers extract, silver ion concentration and temperature. FT-IR spectra of flowers extract before and after the synthesis of silver/ silver chloride nanoparticles were determined to allow identification of possible functional groups responsible for the reduction of silver ions to silver/silver chloride nanoparticles.

Keywords

Green synthesis, silver/silver nanoparticles, Albizia julibrissin flowers, characterization.

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