Shape Control Synthesis, Characterizations, Mechanisms And Optical Properties Of Larg Scaled Metal oxide Nanostructures Of ZnO And TiO2

Rajni Verma1, Bhanu Mantri1, Ramphal1, Avanish Kumar Srivastava1* 

National Physical Laboratory, Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, Dr. K. S. Krishnan Road, New Delhi 110012, India

Adv. Mater. Lett., 2015, 6 (4), pp 324-333

DOI: 10.5185/amlett.2015.5661

Publication Date (Web): Mar 21, 2015

E-mail: aks@nplindia, avanish.aks@gmail.com

Abstract


In the present study, ZnO and TiO2 nanostructures of different size have been synthesized in high yield with excellent repeatability by simple, economical and environmentally benign chemical route. ZnO quantum dots and nanorods of tuned aspect ratio were evolved by optimising the reaction conditions such as by varying solvent composition, precursor concentration and by using different additives. On the other hand, the synthesis of brookite, the rare phase, anatase and rutile, the stable phases of TiO2 were also achieved by just varying the annealing temperature from 400 to 615 °C.  The obtained nanostructures were rationalized by various characterization techniques such as XRD, FTIR, Raman, SEM, HR- TEM, UV-Vis and PL. The Phase formation and structure determination were identified by using XRD, FTIR and Raman Spectra, SEM and HR-TEM were performed to determine the morphology and particle size. The aspect ratio was calculated to be in the range of 3.2-9.4 in case of ZnO NRs, and particle size was found to be 2-5 nm for ZnO QDs of wurtzite phase and ~ 10 nm for TiO2 (anatase phase) NPs, respectively. The UV-Vis optical absorption spectrum demonstrates the band gap value of 3.60, 4.02 and 3.40 eV for ZnO NRs, QDs and TiO2 NPs respectively. The UV-Vis optical absorption spectrum demonstrates the band gap and room temperature PL spectra illustrates about the various defects present in the sample. Various chemical reactions and mechanism involved in producing these nanostructures are dealt in detail. The future prospective of these metal oxide nanostructures lie in photocatalysis, sensors and biomedical applications.

Keywords

Nanostructures, structural analysis, electron microscopy, spectroscopy.

Previous issues

Celebrating 10th Years of Diamond Open Access Publishing in Advanced Materials  

Cerebral Oxygenation Studies Through Near Infrared Spectroscopy: A Review

Analysis of Fine Sulfoaluminate Cement by Strength and Thermogravimetric Analysis

Characterization of the Interfacial Surface Energy for Composite Electrical Conduction Measurements using Two Full Range Percolation Threshold Models

Quantitative Detect of Fatigue of Membrane of Erythrocyte in Uniform Shear Field

Ecofriendly-developed Polyacrylic Acid-coated Magnetic Nanoparticles as Catalysts in Photo-fenton Processes

Evaluation of Drug Interactions with Medications Prescribed to Ambulatory Patients with Metabolic Syndrome in Urban Area

Fiber-reinforced Cementitious Composite: Sensitivity Analysis and Parameter Identification 

Evaluation of Drug Utilization Patterns Based on World Health Organization Drug use Indicators at Outpatients Clinics

Are Quantitatively Micro-machined Scaffolds Effective for Cell Technology?

Synthesis and Characterization of Gold Nanoparticles from Lobelia Nicotianifolia Leaf Extract and its Biological Activities

Advanced Oxidations of Tartrazine Azo-dye

Antifungal Activity of Salvia jordanii Against the Oral Thrush Caused by the Cosmopolitan Yeast Candida albicans among Elderly Diabetic Type 2 patients

Upcoming Congress

Knowledge Experience at Sea TM