1Department of Physics, Osmania University, Hyderabad 500007, Telangana, India
2Department of Physics, University College of Science, Sifabad, O.U, Hyd, Telangana, India
Adv. Mater. Lett., 2015, 6 (2), pp 179-185
Publication Date (Web): Feb 08, 2015
Copyright © IAAM-VBRI Press
Nano crystalline cobalt substituted lithium ferrites having chemical formula [Li 0.5Fe0.5]1-x Cox Fe2O4 (where x=0.0, 0.2, 0.4, 0.6, 0.8 and 1.0) have been prepared by the citrate gel auto combustion method at low temperature (180 oC). The prepared samples were sintered at 500 oC for 4 hours. Single phase of these samples were confirmed by x-ray powder diffraction technique and found that lattice parameter increases with increasing with the Cobalt substituted concentration, and the values of crystallite size, x-ray density, bulk density and porosity of the prepared samples were calculated from the XRD analysis. The dc electrical resistivities of the prepared Li-Co ferrites were studied by using the two probe method in the temperature range of 473-873 K (200-600 oC). A plot of log (?T) vs inverse of temperature yields a almost straight line which reveals the semiconducting behavior of prepared ferrite samples. The dielectric properties namely dielectric constant (ε'), dielectric loss tangent (tan δ) of these Li-Co nano crystalline ferrites have been studied using an LCR meter from the room temperature to 700 K at various selected frequencies up to 5 MHz. The dielectric constant (ε') of all prepared samples was increased with increasing in temperature. These results have been explained on the basis of Koop’s theory, concentration of Fe+2 and Fe+3 ions on the octahedral site and hoping frequency of charge carriers (electrons) between Fe+2and Fe+3 ions.
Citrate gel method, nano ferrite, XRD studies, dc resistivity, dielectric properties.