Effect Of Process Parameters On The Properties Of Ultrananocrystalline Diamond Films Deposited Using Microwave Plasma Enhanced Chemical Vapor Deposition

Vijay Chatterjee, Rishi Sharma, P. K. Barhai

1Department of Applied Physics, Birla Institute of Technology, Mesra, Ranchi 835215, India

2School of Chemistry, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 1TS, United Kingdom

Adv. Mater. Lett., 2014, 5 (4), pp 172-179

DOI: 10.5185/amlett.2013.10550

Publication Date (Web): Feb 16, 2014

E-mail: vijay7chatterjee@gmail.com

Abstract


Ultrananocrystalline diamond (UNCD) films are deposited using microwave plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition system. Depositions of films are carried out at low pressure 25 mbar, low temperature 400 ºC and at low microwave power (800 - 1000 Watt). Diamond thin films were characterized using Raman spectroscopy, AFM, field emission scanning electron microscopy and optical contact angle measurements. In-situ diagnosis of the plasma composition is carried out using optical emission spectroscopy (OES). OES spectra show intense peak at 516.5nm corresponding to Cdimer. Peaks at 387.0nm, 405.3nm, 431.5nm, 486.1nm, and 656.1nm have also been observed. Effect of horizontal position of plasma ball with respect to substrate position has been critically analyzed. Relation between the horizontal positioning and plasma ball along with the emission spectra of different gas species are studied which are very much crucial to predict the uniformity and morphology of the films deposited. Dependence of film wetability with the plasma ball positioning and relative intensity of carbon dimer has been studied Cdimer plays an important role not only in the nucleation and growth of UNCD films but also on the surface modification .

Keywords

Ultrananocrystalline diamond, optical emission spectroscopy, C2 dimer, plasma ball.

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