Department of Physics, Sardar Patel University, Vallabh Vidyanagar 388120, Gujarat, India
Adv. Mater. Lett., 2013, 4 (11), pp 869-874
Publication Date (Web): Nov 02, 2013
Copyright © IAAM-VBRI Press
Cadmium selenide (CdSe) thin films were prepared by chemical bath deposition technique on glass substrates using cadmium acetate dihydrate as a source of Cd2+ ions, and sodium selenosulphate as a source of Se2- ions respectively. Triethanolamine and ammonia were used as complexing and pH controlling agent. Films were deposited at different bath temperatures ranging from room temperature to 80oC while the pH value was kept constant around 10.50 ±0.10. We determined elemental composition of deposited film by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Optical properties of films deposited at different bath temperatures are studied by absorption spectra and parameters like thickness, band gap and absorption coefficient were calculated from the optical transmission spectra. The optical spectra showed a small blue shift and the band gap was found to be greater than the bulk phase. Raman measurements performed at room temperature using Helium-neon laser and Argon laser confirmed the presence of longitudinal optical phonon modes. The selected area electron diffraction pattern for CdSe thin films indicated that they are having mixed nature i.e. both single crystalline and polycrystalline nature with planes of diffraction rings corresponding to cubic structure of CdSe respectively.
Semiconductor, chemical bath deposition, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, optical spectroscopy.