Photo-oxidative Degradation Of Polybenzimidazole Derivative Membrane

Omkar S. Kushwaha1*, C. V. Avadhani1, R. P. Singh2*

1Polymer Science and Engineering Division, CSIR-National Chemical Laboratory, Dr. Homi Bhabha Road, Pune 411008, India

2Bharati Vidyapeeth University, Advanced Research Centre in Pharmaceutical Sciences and Applied Chemistry, Erandawane, Pune 411038, India

Adv. Mater. Lett., 2013, 4 (10), pp 762-768

DOI: 10.5185/amlett.2013.3432

Publication Date (Web): Oct 13, 2013

Abstract


High temperature polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (HTPEMFCs) are energy efficient systems with the potential to address all energy issues of present and future generations. Polybenzimidazole (PBI) based high temperature fuel cells are subject of high importance because PBI membranes are proved to be one of the best candidates for high temperature fuel cell applications. The stability of PBI membranes has been identified as crucial issue for the long-term durability under oxidative conditions of fuel cells. The present investigation highlights the photo-oxidative degradation studies accomplished on polybenzimidazole based poly(2,2'-butylene-5,5'-bibenzimidazole) (PBIB) membranes. The PBIB polymer membranes are found suitable for both in high temperature fuel cells as well as other high temperature applications. In this research article, PBIB membranes were photoirradiated under polychromatic UV rays (λ > 290 nm). The photo-oxidative degradation of membranes was characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and Scanning electron microscopy (SEM). FT-IR results showed significant amount of photo-oxidation and chemical degradation in fuel cell membranes which is proposed to be initiated by free radical mechanism. SEM images revealed development of nano-dimensional cracks and holes on surface of membranes which indicate structural and morphological degradation. The present study showed better results of accelerated photo-degradation as compared to the oxidative degradation results already reported in literature obtained chemically and thermally. Hence, the proposed photo-oxidative degradation method may be useful in determining stability, life time expectancy and degradation mechanism of fuel cell and other high performance membranes.

Keywords

Degradation, fuel cell, membranes, photodegradation, polybenzimidazole, UV irradiation.

Current Issue

Advanced Materials Congress Celebrating 10th Years of Establishment


Secure Management of Networked Batteries for Building Integrated Photovoltaics (BIPV) Systems  


The Cause of 100-year Low Carbonated Concrete of the Bridge 


Organic Montmorillonite Intercalated Nano-composites Prevent Post-Surgical Associated Infections


Morphology/tensile Performance Relationship for LLDPE/PP Double Gated Injected Blends


Preparation and Characterization of Nickel Ferrite Nanoparticles via Sol-gel Method


Nitrogen-doped Diamond Nanowire Gas Sensor for the Detection of Methane


Manufacture of Functional Open-cell Al Foams with Recycled Al Scraps using NaCl Ball Space Holder 


Vilsmeier-Haack Transformations under Non Classical Conditions


New Application of Highly Vesicular Basalt from Jabel Isbil Volcano (Dhamar-Rada'a Volcanic Field), Yemen


An Assessment of Tribological Characteristics under different Operating Condition


Functional Bi Coatings as A Perspective Material for Radiation Shields Production against Electron Radiation


Effects of Silica Modified NiFe2O4 on the Dielectric and Electrical Properties of NiFe2O4 filled Poly (methyl methacrylate) Composites


Previous issues
The Journey of a Decade to Advancing Materials Are the Electrospun Polymers Polymeric Fibers? Mechanical and Thermal Properties of Composite Material and Insulation for a Single Walled Tank for Cryogenic Liquids Prediction of Long-Term Behavior for Dynamically Loaded TPU Investigation of Doped Titanium Dioxide in Anatase Phase. Study ab initio using Density Functional Theory Comparison between Single Al2O3 or HfO2 Single Dielectric Layers and their Nanolaminated Systems Preparation of Stable and Optimized Antibody-gold Nanoparticle Conjugates for Point of Care Test Immunoassays Resonance-Based Temperature Sensors using a Wafer Level Vacuum Packaged SOI MEMS Process Integrated System Based on the Hall Sensors Incorporating Compensation of the Distortions The Efficacy of Cinnamomum Tamala as a Potential Antimicrobial Substance against the Multi-Drug Resistant Enterococcus Faecalis from Clinical Isolates The Effect of Complexing Reagent on Structural, Electrical and Optical Properties of CuS Thin Film Laser Cladding of Fluorapatite Nanopowders on Ti6Al4V Preparation and Evaluation of Sulfonate Polyethylene Glycol Borate Ester as a Modifier of Functional Properties of Complex Petroleum Lithium Grease

Upcoming Congress

Knowledge Experience at Sea TM