Magnetic Thin Film Formation On The Surface Of Solution Induced Via island Growth Of Nanoparticles

Pawan Kumar1, Subhash Chander Katyal2, Sunil Kumar Khah1, Nitin Rawat3 and Rajesh Kumar1,*

1Jaypee University of Information Technology, Waknaghat, Solan (H.P) 173234, India
2Jaypee Institute of Information Technology, Sector 128, Noida (U.P) 201304, India
3Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology (GIST), Oryong-dong, Buk-gu, Gwangju 500712, South Korea

Adv. Mater. Lett., 2013, 'ICNANO 2011', 4 (1), pp 74-77

DOI: 10.5185/amlett.2013.icnano.119

Publication Date (Web): Oct 14, 2012

E-mail: rajesh.kumar@juit.ac.in, rajeshkumarf11@gmail.com

Abstract


Thin magnetic films have been formed on the surface of Fe2+, Fe3+ and PVA solution applying NH3 vapors. The growth of films has been inferred via island growth mechanism. The film grown for shorter exposure time of NH3 is composed of islands in nanometer range, whereas the film grown for high exposure time of NH3 consists islands in micrometer range. For lower NH3 exposure, discrete islands are formed in polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) matrix which coalesces in bigger islands when exposed for larger time to NH3 vapor. Similarly, depending upon the NH3 exposure, nanoparticles inside films vary from 5 to 30 nm. The magnetization measurement shows that the films have thickness dependent saturation magnetization. For the thick film the saturation magnetic field is around 1400 Oe whereas for thin film it is 1000 Oe.

Keywords

Island growth, magnetic thin film, NH3 exposure, glass substrate.

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