Cover Page November-2012, Current Issue-Advanced Materials Letters

Advanced Materials Letters

Volume 3, Issue 5, Pages 393-398, November 2012, Current Issue
About Cover


Conductive Polyaniline-tin Oxide Nanocomposites For Ammonia Sensor

S. B. Kondawar*, S. P. Agrawal, S. H. Nimkar, H. J. Sharma, P. T. Patil

Polymer Nanotech Laboratory, Department of Physics, RTM Nagpur University, Nagpur 440033, India

Adv. Mater. Lett., 2012, Current Issue, 3 (5), pp 393-398

DOI: 10.5185/amlett.2012.6361

Publication Date (Web): Sep 16, 2012

E-mail: sbkondawar@yahoo.co.in

Abstract

Tin oxide (SnO2) nanoparticles have been synthesized by simple route of sol-gel method. Polyaniline-tin oxide (PANI/SnO2) nanocomposite (sample A) was prepared by an in-situ polymerization of aniline in the presence of as-synthesized SnO2 nanoparticles. Similarly, tin oxide-intercalated polyaniline nanocomposite (sample B) was prepared using tin chloride (SnCl4.5H2O) as precursor during polymerization of aniline. Morphology and structure of both the nanocomposites have been studied using XRD pattern, FTIR spectra and SEM images which reveals that SnO2 was uniformly mixed within the PANI matrix. In this paper we report the comparison of polyaniline-tin oxide (PANI/SnO2) nanocomposites sample A and B for the response to ammonia. A laboratory set up for sensing ammonia has been built up using four probe resistivity unit and the response of the prepared PANI/SnO2 nanocomposites to ammonia vapour for different concentration (5, 10, and 15%) was tested. PANI/SnO2 nanocomposites were found to be good materials for NH3 detection even at room temperature as compared to that of pure SnO2. By comparing the response of sample A and B to the ammonia vapour, the sample A was found to be more sensitive than sample B due to highly porosity and surface activity of sample A. The results were reproducible and checked by repeating observations. Synthesis route for the preparation of PANI/SnO2 nanocomposites is an important factor while selecting the materials for ammonia sensing.

Keywords

Conducting polymers, polyaniline, tin oxide, nanocomposites, ammonia sensor.

Previous issues

Cloud Medicine set to Revolutionize Doorstep Personalized Healthcare

Various surfactants for 0 – 3 dimensional nanocarbons: Separation, exfoliation and solubilization

Polypyrrole based biofunctional composite layer for bioelectrocatalytic device system

Innovative Graphene-PDMS sensors for aerospace applications 

Effect of hot drawing process and carbonization temperature in electrochemical behavior of electrospun carbon nanofibers

Chemical Reactivity and Electronical Properties of Graphene and Reduced Graphene Oxide on Different Substrates

Laser Raman micro-spectroscopy as an effective non-destructive method of detection and identification of various sp2 carbon modifications in industry and in nature

Electrochemical promotion of ammonia synthesis with proton-conducting solid oxide fuel cells

Biomimetic surfaces with hierarchical structure using microsized texture and nanosized Cu particles for superhydrophobicity

Enhancement the properties of high and low-density polyethylene membranes by radiation grafting process

Synthesis of 9-Aminoacridine and its Application as an Anode Material for Aqueous Rechargeable Lithium–ion Batteries

Facile synthesis of novel tough and highly flexible biodegradable membranes for water microfiltration

Investigating the possibility of using acetic acid in place of HF in chromium-benzenedicarboxylates (MIL-53 and MIL-101) synthesis applicable for CO2 adsorption

Upcoming Congress

Knowledge Experience at Sea TM