Room Temperature Anodization Of Aluminum And The Effect Of The Electrochemical Cell In The Formation Of Porous Alumina Films From Acid And Alkaline Electrolytes 

Alaba O. Araoyinbo*, Azmi Rahmat, Mohd Nazree Derman, Khairel Rafezi Ahmad

School of Materials Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Perlis, 01000 Kangar, Perlis Malaysia

Adv. Mater. Lett., 2012, Current Issue, 3 (4), pp 273-278

DOI: 10.5185/amlett.2012.2323

Publication Date (Web): Jul 22, 2012

E-mail: aoalaba@yahoo.com

Abstract


Nanoporous alumina was produced by anodic oxidation of aluminum in both acidic and alkaline electrolytes. Previous reports indicate that nanoporous alumina is mainly produced from strongly acidic electrolytes, and with the use of a low freezing temperature controlled bath to control the propagation and growth of the pores. We design an in-house electrochemical cell with an electronic circuit box attached, to control the anodization of aluminum at room temperature. The electrolytes used were phosphoric acid solution and sodium hydroxide solution. The pH of the acidic electrolyte was adjusted to 1, 3 and 5 with an applied potential of 50V and anodization time of 1 and 3 hrs, respectively, while the alkaline electrolyte pH was adjusted to 9, 11 and 13 with an applied potential of 40V and the templates anodized for 5 hrs. The micrographs of the nanoporous alumina formed from these electrolytes confirm that the nucleation and growth of nanoporous alumina films is achievable with the aid of the electronic circuit box connected to the electrochemical cell.

 

Keywords

Anodization, electrolytes, nanoporous alumina, room temperature.

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