Theoretical Study Of The Geometric, Electronic Structure And Properties Of Alternating Donor-acceptor Conjugated Oligomers: Carbazole (Cbz)-based 3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene (Edot)

Z. El Malki1,2, M. Hamidi2,4, J-P Lére-Porte5, F. Serein-Spirau5, L. Bejjit1, M. Haddad1 and M. Bouachrine1,3,*

1Laboratoire LASMAR (URAC 11), Faculté des Sciences, Université Moulay Ismail Meknès, Maroc

2UCTA, FST Errachidia, Université Moulay Ismaïl, Meknès, Maroc

3ESTM, Université Moulay Ismaïl, Meknès, Maroc

4Faculté Polydisciplinaire d’Errachidia, Université Moulay Ismaïl, Meknès, Maroc

5Hétérochimie Moléculaire et Macromoléculaire, UMR CNRS 5076, Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Chimie de Montpellier, Montpellier, France

Adv. Mater. Lett., 2012, Current Issue, 3 (4), pp 266-272

DOI: 10.5185/amlett.2011.8292

Publication Date (Web): Jul 22, 2012

E-mail: lrmm_fste@yahoo.fr and bouachrine@gmail.com

Abstract


In this work the geometrical and electronic properties of (Carbazole-3.4-Ethylenedioxythiophene) (Cbz-Edot) based alternating donor-acceptor conjugated oligomers were studied by the density functional theory (DFT) at the B3LYP level with 6-31G(d) basis set. The acceptors investigated include thiazole (Z), thiadiazole (D), thienopyrazine (TP), thienothiadiazole (TD), benzothiadiazole (BT) and thiadiazolothienopyrazine (TPD). A low band gap will be expected in polymers containing donor-acceptor (D-A) repeating units. In order to predict the band gaps for guiding the synthesis of novel materials with low band gaps, we apply quantum-chemical techniques to calculate the band gaps in several oligomers. The results have been compared with those of thiophene and 3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene polymers with donor-acceptor fragment. The lowest excitation energies (Eex) and the maximal absorption wavelength (λabs) are studied using the time dependent density functional theory (TD-DFT), method. The electronic transitions of the absorption spectrum derived by TD-DFT method give useful structural and electronic information for designing novel conducting organic polymer materials. The theoretical results suggest that both the acceptor strength and the stable geometry contribute significantly to the electronic properties of alternating donor-acceptor conjugated copolymers.

Keywords

Carbazole, 3.4-ethylenedioxythiophene,theoretical electronic properties, low band gap, DFT, donor-acceptor.

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