Polymeric Energy Materials: Development and Challenges

Sugam Shivhare1,*, Praveen Kumar Loharkar2, Supriya Vyas3, Malvika Sharma1, Vivekanand S. Bagal1

1Department of Applied Science, SVKM’s NMIMS MPSTME, Shirpur Campus, Maharashtra 425405, India

2Department of Mechanical Engineering, SVKM’s NMIMS MPSTME, Shirpur Campus, Maharashtra 425405, India

3Department of Chemistry, SVVV, Indore 452001, India

Adv. Mater. Lett., , 11 (11), pp 20111571

DOI: 10.5185/amlett.2020.111571

Publication Date (Web): Oct 19, 2020

E-mail: Shivhare77@gmail.com

Abstract


The discovery of conjugated, conducting polymers (CPs) polyacetylene (PA) in 1977 opened up a new frontier in the field of polymer science for both academia and industries. CPs possess characteristics such as excellent tunability, ease of synthesis, eco-friendliness, processability etc. These features have enabled the exploration of its applicability in energy and electronics devices. It has also paved way for extensive research world over to develop novel methods for synthesizing CPs with required properties. An important area in the field of synthesis of CPs is to produce conducting nanocomposites with the combination of conducting polymers and inorganic materials in order to achieve high magnitude of electrical conductivity. Several polymeric materials such as, as poly(3,4ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT), polypyrrole (PPy), and polyaniline (PANI) have exhibited potential in various applications such as, “energy harvesting”, “energy storage”, “light emitting”, and “sensing”. The objective of this review is to develop better understanding on conducting polymers used for energy and electronics application. The review presents the state of research in the development of CPs with a focus on general synthesis method, morphology and dependent properties along with the discussion on challenges with possible solutions.

Keywords

Challenges, conducting, devices, electronic, energy, morphology, polymers.

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