Manufacture of Functional Open-cell Al Foams with Recycled Al Scraps using NaCl Ball Space Holder 

Seksak Asavavisithchai*, Kantapong Nantakantrong, Karnkawin Jintagetkam

Innovative Metals Research Unit, Department of Metallurgical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, 10330, Thailand

Adv. Mater. Lett., 2020, 11 (2), 20021475

DOI: 10.5185/amlett.2020.021475

Publication Date (Web): Jan 27, 2020



Interconnected open-cell Al foams, with various fractions of recycled Al alloy scrap, have been produced using a sintering and dissolution process (SDP). The foams are suitable for various functional applications, such as heat exchangers, bone-replacement implants, interconnects, catalyst supports, and sound insulators. Firstly, the NaCl paste was pelletised, by hand, to make spherical balls of approximately 5 mm diameter. The Al alloy scrap was obtained from turning operation in lathe machine.  Porous structure was obtained after dissolution of the NaCl balls. The microstructure of Al foams was examined using SEM and EDX.  The results show that pores were uniformly distributed along Al matrix and interconnected with surrounding pores. The compressive strength of the foams with small scrap content of 20 wt.% is increased. However, when scrap content is higher, the strength is decreased, as a result of incomplete thermal bonding between Al powder and scrap particle, and excessive oxide content in foam microstructure.


Aluminium alloy, NaCl, recycle, porous metal.

Previous issues

Celebrating 10th Years of Diamond Open Access Publishing in Advanced Materials  

Cerebral Oxygenation Studies Through Near Infrared Spectroscopy: A Review

Analysis of Fine Sulfoaluminate Cement by Strength and Thermogravimetric Analysis

Characterization of the Interfacial Surface Energy for Composite Electrical Conduction Measurements using Two Full Range Percolation Threshold Models

Quantitative Detect of Fatigue of Membrane of Erythrocyte in Uniform Shear Field

Ecofriendly-developed Polyacrylic Acid-coated Magnetic Nanoparticles as Catalysts in Photo-fenton Processes

Evaluation of Drug Interactions with Medications Prescribed to Ambulatory Patients with Metabolic Syndrome in Urban Area

Fiber-reinforced Cementitious Composite: Sensitivity Analysis and Parameter Identification 

Evaluation of Drug Utilization Patterns Based on World Health Organization Drug use Indicators at Outpatients Clinics

Are Quantitatively Micro-machined Scaffolds Effective for Cell Technology?

Synthesis and Characterization of Gold Nanoparticles from Lobelia Nicotianifolia Leaf Extract and its Biological Activities

Advanced Oxidations of Tartrazine Azo-dye

Antifungal Activity of Salvia jordanii Against the Oral Thrush Caused by the Cosmopolitan Yeast Candida albicans among Elderly Diabetic Type 2 patients

Upcoming Congress

Knowledge Experience at Sea TM