Nitrogen-doped Diamond Nanowire Gas Sensor for the Detection of Methane

Andrew F. Zhou1,*, Xinpeng Wang2, Peter Feng3,*

1Department of Physics, Indiana University of Pennsylvania, Indiana, PA 15705, USA

2Nanonex Corporation, Monmouth Junction, New Jersey 08852, USA

3Department of Physics, University of Puerto Rico, San Juan, Puerto Rico 00936, USA

Adv. Mater. Lett., 2020, 11 (2), 20021473

DOI: 10.5185/amlett.2020.021474

Publication Date (Web): Jan 27, 2020



Diamond-based sensors have shown great potential in the past few years due to their unique physicochemical properties. We report on the development of high-performance nitrogen-doped ultrananocrystalline diamond (UNCD) nanowire-based methane (CH4) gas sensors, taking advantage of a large surface-to-volume ratio and a small active area offered by the 1D nanowire geometry. The morphologic surface and crystalline structures of UNCD are also characterized by using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Raman scattering, respectively. By using synthesized nanowire arrays combined with 4-pin electrical electrodes, prototypic highly sensitive CH4 gas sensors have been designed, fabricated and tested. Various parameters including the sensitivity, response and recovery times, and thermal effect on the performance of the gas sensor have also been investigated in order to quantitate the sensing ability. Enhanced by the small grain size and porosity of the nanowire structure, fabricated nanowire UNCD sensors demonstrated a high sensitivity to CH4 gas at room temperature down to 2 ppm, as well as fast response and recovery times which are almost 10 times faster than that of regular nanodiamond thin film based sensors.


Nitrogen doping, ultrananocrystalline diamond (UNCD), nanowire, gas sensor, CH4

Previous issues
The Journey of a Decade to Advancing Materials Are the Electrospun Polymers Polymeric Fibers? Mechanical and Thermal Properties of Composite Material and Insulation for a Single Walled Tank for Cryogenic Liquids Prediction of Long-Term Behavior for Dynamically Loaded TPU Investigation of Doped Titanium Dioxide in Anatase Phase. Study ab initio using Density Functional Theory Comparison between Single Al2O3 or HfO2 Single Dielectric Layers and their Nanolaminated Systems Preparation of Stable and Optimized Antibody-gold Nanoparticle Conjugates for Point of Care Test Immunoassays Resonance-Based Temperature Sensors using a Wafer Level Vacuum Packaged SOI MEMS Process Integrated System Based on the Hall Sensors Incorporating Compensation of the Distortions The Efficacy of Cinnamomum Tamala as a Potential Antimicrobial Substance against the Multi-Drug Resistant Enterococcus Faecalis from Clinical Isolates The Effect of Complexing Reagent on Structural, Electrical and Optical Properties of CuS Thin Film Laser Cladding of Fluorapatite Nanopowders on Ti6Al4V Preparation and Evaluation of Sulfonate Polyethylene Glycol Borate Ester as a Modifier of Functional Properties of Complex Petroleum Lithium Grease

Upcoming Congress

Knowledge Experience at Sea TM