The cover photo of July 2019 issue is dedicated to the 41st anniversary of the first reported synthetic approach of dendritic hyperbranched structure. The cover photo adopted from the Valer et al., where they reported the preparation of dendritic hyperbranched copolymers based on bis(hydroxyl methyl) propionic acid polyester and studied the architecture - behavior - properties relationship. Dendritic structures are known for their perfect chemical definition, highly dense structure, and a well-defined number of surface functionalities. The soft multifunctional modifications could be compliant to valuable flexibility for embedding different chemical moieties on the surface either within the structure or at the core.
Micromechanical Fatigue Modelling of the Size Effect in Micro-Scale 316L Stainless Steel Specimens
E. Donnelly, F. M. Weafer*, T. Connolley, P.E. McHugh, M. S. Bruzzi
College of Engineering and Informatics, National University of Ireland Galway, Ireland
Adv. Mater. Lett., 2019, 10 (7), pp 455-459
Publication Date (Web): Mar 01, 2019
Copyright © 2019 VBRI Press
For many years, computational modelling and simulation studies have been used by developers to advance device design and have been reported in regulatory medical device submissions. However, cardiovascular stent materials in such computational models are typically assumed to behave as a continuum. This approach assumes that bulk material properties apply to the micro-sized structure, i.e. material behavior is scale independent. However, as size is reduced, mechanical size effects arise as the grain size to specimen width ratio drops below a critical value. These size effects cause material behavior to deviate significantly from bulk material behavior. If such a deviation in material behavior is to be captured within computational models, it is necessary to represent the crystalline structure of a metal and to capture the anisotropic behavior of individual grains within these models. This paper describes the development of such a modelling methodology to investigate the phenomenon of strain localization within grains of a 316L stainless steel specimen under fatigue loading conditions.
Finite element, size effect, microstructure, 316L stainless steel, strain localization.