Synthesis of 9-Aminoacridine and its Application as an Anode Material for Aqueous Rechargeable Lithium–ion Batteries

Madhushree M. Ravikumar, Vijeth R. Shetty, Suresh G. Shivappa*

Department of Chemistry and Research Centre, NMKRV College for Women, Jayanagar, Bangalore 560011, Karnataka, India 

DOI: 10.5185/amlett.2019.9909

Publication Date (Web): Mar 01, 2019

E-mail: sureshssmrv@yahoo.co.in

Abstract

Two organic compounds namely Acridine (ACD) and 9-aminoacridine (ACD-NH2) have been investigated as electrode materials for an aqueous rechargeable lithium-ion battery (ARLIB) applications. The electrochemical investigations reveal that the active species act as anodes in ARLIB systems. In this regard, nitrogen group act as redox center and undergo electrochemical reaction with Li-ions during charge and discharge process. The synthesis of 9-amonoacridine is done by standard method called chichibabin reaction. Amination of ACD enhances the electrochemical behaviour of the molecule. To improve the electrochemical performances of ACD & ACD-NH2, graphene is used as an additive for ARLIB system. The decorated molecules such as decorated Acridine (dACD) and decorated 9-aminoacridine (dACD-NH2) showed improved electrochemical performance as compared with ACD & ACD-NH2. The decoration is of great importance concerning capacity, reversibility and stability of cycling behavior during charge and discharge processes. Charge/discharge tests show that ACD, ACD-NH2, dACD, and dACD-NH2 have achieved initial discharge capacities of 119, 122, 149 and 220 mAh g-1 respectively at a current density of 0.2 mA. The good cyclic performance and agreeable discharge capacity of the cell signifies the application of dACD-NH2 as anode material for ARLIB system. 

Keywords

Acridine, amino-acridine, graphene, cyclic voltammetry, galvanostatic charge/discharge, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy.

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