Facile synthesis of novel tough and highly flexible biodegradable membranes for water microfiltration

Ahmed H. Ibrahim1, 2, Amina A. F. Zikry1, Rasha A. Azzam1, Tarek M. Madkour2*

1Department of Chemistry, Helwan University, Cairo 11785, Egypt

2Department of Chemistry, The American University in Cairo, AUC Avenue, P.O. Box 74, New Cairo 11835, Egypt

DOI: 10.5185/amlett.2019.2230

Publication Date (Web): Jan 14, 2019

E-mail: tarekmadkour@aucegypt.edu


Microporous polymeric membranes have found great applications in the area of water desalination and wastewater treatment, tissue engineering, drug delivery, and bone regeneration. The ability to create micro-size pores within a polymeric membrane allows for cavity formation that could form channels through which substances may permeate or percolate easily. The majority of these applications though, require micro-size porous membranes with small pore size and narrow pore-size distribution as to allow the control of the permeating substances or tissues. In the current work, an intricate and precise method was developed to generate micro-size porogen salt crystals with controlled micro-size distribution, which is then mixed with a specific biodegradable polymeric blend designed to offer both toughness and high flexibility for the production of microfiltration biodegradable membranes that can withstand the high pressures of large volumes of industrial wastewater undergoing filtration treatment. After casting, the porogen crystals are washed away rendering membranes with well-distributed micro-scale cavities. Using salt porogens offers a great advantage of no contamination to the environment since all salt particles are simply washed away. The ingenuity of this technique is that it allows the filtration of the wastewater at low or no pressures.


Microfiltration, biodegradable, polymer blends, porogen microcrystals, wastewater treatment.

Current Issue

9th Anniversary of Advanced Materials Letters: Progress and Opportunities

Coating - A potent method to enhance electrochemical performance of Li(NixMnyCoz)O2 cathodes for Li-ion batteries

Analysis of machined electron beam treated Ti6Al4V-ELI implant surfaces

Bottom-up design of hydrogels through click-chemistry modification of magnetic nanoparticles

Visualization of mechanical loads with semiconductor nanocrystals 

Room temperature growth of ultra porous hot-wire deposited tantalum pentoxide

Substrate integrated circular cavity resonator filled with nano-fibrillated cellulose for humidity detection

Oxygen vacancy filament-based resistive switching in Hf0.5Zr0.5O2 thin films for non-volatile memory

Innovative silicon compatible materials for light emitting devices  

Graphene micromesh for transparent conductive films application 

Applications of nano-scale Cirrus DopantTM to improve existing coatings

Chitin nanofibrils in renewable materials for packaging and personal care applications

Synthesis of AgNPs embedded double network nanocomposite hydrogels having high swelling and anti-bacterial characteristics

Previous issues

Artificial intelligence and machine learning empowering the mass medicine

Piezo-therapy in cancer: Current research and perspectives

Magnetic microwires for sensor applications

A fundamental study on the mechanistic impact of repeated de- and rehydration of Ca(OH)2 on thermochemical cycling in technical scale

Fabrication and characterization of nano-bridge Josephson junction based on Fe0.94Te0.45Se0.55 thin film

Riboflavin-UVA gelatin crosslinking: Design of a biocompatible and thermo-responsive biomaterial with enhanced mechanical properties for tissue engineering

Broadband and fast photodetectors based on multilayer p-MoTe2/n-WS2 heterojunction with graphene electrodes

Ionic liquid [BMIM][Cl] immobilized on cellulose fibers from pineapple leaves for desulphurization of fuels

Synthesis and role of co-dopants (alkaline earth divalents and halides) on the photoluminescence of Eu2+ doped BaAl2O4 phosphor

Metal oxide (V2O5) incorporated fly ash based geopolymer for better sustainable engineering composites

Highly efficient storage of solar gains using aluminum foam heat exchangers  

Green fabrication of zinc oxide nanospheres by aspidopterys cordata for effective antioxidant and antibacterial activity

Effect of diamantane on the thermal stability of cryomilled aluminum alloy

Upcoming Congress

Knowledge Experience at Sea TM