The cover photo describes the ring topological structure of carbon nucleus (using vortex-fractal-ring theory), which consists from two globules with 3 protons globule substructures. As discussed by, this vortex-fractal-ring theory is a new and original view of elementary particles and the structure of atomic nuclei, atoms, and molecules. Its basics are simple for understanding through the comprehensive topological structure that does not need description by complicated mathematical formulas. This theory together with grammatical evolution can design new models of nanostructures and allows us to understand the fundamental physical and chemical reasons for the stability and reactivity of atoms and molecules.
Physical and mechanical properties of microwave absorber material containing micro and nano barium ferrite
Hashem Al-Mattarneh1, 2*, Mohamed Dahim1
1Department of Civil Engineering, Yarmouk University, Irbid 21163, Jordan
2Vice Presidency for Project, King Khalid University, Abha 61411, Saudi Arabia
Adv. Mater. Lett., 2019, 10 (4), pp 259-262
Publication Date (Web): Jan 14, 2019
Copyright © 2019 VBRI Press
The rapid development of electronic systems and telecommunications has resulted in a growing and intense interest in microwave electromagnetic absorber technology and microwave absorber materials. In this study, thermoplastic natural rubber barium ferrite composite was developed using micro and Nano barium ferrite filler. This paper presented the improvement of the mechanical properties of the thermoplastic natural rubber barium ferrite (TPNR-BF) composite when the size of barium ferrite filler changed from 3 um to 55 nm. TPNR was prepared as hosting material, and the barium ferrite with particle size 3 um was used as filler. Five samples of the composite were prepared with barium ferrite content range from 0% to 20% by an increment of 5%. The same procedure was used to prepare five samples using barium ferrite with a particle size of 55 nm. Physical and Mechanical properties of the composite were determined such as density, SEM, hardness, stiffness, tensile stress, and strain. Also, the magnetic properties and hysteresis diagram and SEM were evaluated for both composites barium ferrite types. The results indicate that all mechanical properties decline with the increasing BF content due to the increasing size of the weak interfacial zone between the polymer and the filler. This trend could be enhanced by replacing the micro barium ferrite with Nanosize barium ferrite. The level of improvement in mechanical properties increases at high filler content.
Mechanical properties, nanoparticles, microwave absorber, barium ferrite, natural rubber.