Coating - A potent method to enhance electrochemical performance of Li(NixMnyCoz)O2 cathodes for Li-ion batteries

Leon Shaw*, Maziar Ashuri

Department of Mechanical, Materials and Aerospace Engineering, Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago, Illinois 60616, USA

Adv. Mater. Lett., 2019, 10 (6), pp 369-380

DOI: 10.5185/amlett.2019.2256

Publication Date (Web): Jan 14, 2019

E-mail: lshaw2@iit.edu

Abstract


Layered lithium nickel manganese cobalt oxides, Li(NixMnyCoz)O2 where x + y + z = 1 (NMCs), have been studied extensively due to their higher capacity, less toxicity and lower cost compared to LiCoO2. However, widespread market penetration of NMCs as cathodes for Li-ion batteries (LIBs) is impeded by their poor capacity retention and low rate capability. Coatings provide an effective solution to these problems. This article focuses on review of the recent advancements in coatings of NMCs from the mechanism viewpoint. This is the first time that coatings on NMCs are reviewed based on their functionalities and mechanisms through which the electrochemical properties and performance of NMCs have been improved. To provide a comprehensive understanding of the functions and mechanisms offered by coatings, the following functions and mechanisms are reviewed individually: (i) scavenging HF in the electrolyte, (ii) scavenging water molecules in the electrolyte and thus suppressing HF propagation during charge/discharge cycles, (iii) serving as a buffer layer to minimize HF attack on NMCs and suppress side reactions between NMCs and the electrolyte, (iv) hindering phase transitions and impeding loss of lattice oxygen, (v) preventing microcracks in NMC particles to keep participation of most NMC material in lithiation/de-lithiation, and (vi) enhancing the rate capability of NMC cathodes. Finally, the personal perspectives on outlook are offered with an aim to stimulate further discussion and ideas on the rational design of coatings for durable and high-performance NMC cathodes for the next generation LIBs in the near future.

Keywords

Li-ion batteries, layered lithium nickel manganese cobalt oxides, coating, NMCs.

Previous issues

Celebrating 10th Years of Diamond Open Access Publishing in Advanced Materials  

Cerebral Oxygenation Studies Through Near Infrared Spectroscopy: A Review

Analysis of Fine Sulfoaluminate Cement by Strength and Thermogravimetric Analysis

Characterization of the Interfacial Surface Energy for Composite Electrical Conduction Measurements using Two Full Range Percolation Threshold Models

Quantitative Detect of Fatigue of Membrane of Erythrocyte in Uniform Shear Field

Ecofriendly-developed Polyacrylic Acid-coated Magnetic Nanoparticles as Catalysts in Photo-fenton Processes

Evaluation of Drug Interactions with Medications Prescribed to Ambulatory Patients with Metabolic Syndrome in Urban Area

Fiber-reinforced Cementitious Composite: Sensitivity Analysis and Parameter Identification 

Evaluation of Drug Utilization Patterns Based on World Health Organization Drug use Indicators at Outpatients Clinics

Are Quantitatively Micro-machined Scaffolds Effective for Cell Technology?

Synthesis and Characterization of Gold Nanoparticles from Lobelia Nicotianifolia Leaf Extract and its Biological Activities

Advanced Oxidations of Tartrazine Azo-dye

Antifungal Activity of Salvia jordanii Against the Oral Thrush Caused by the Cosmopolitan Yeast Candida albicans among Elderly Diabetic Type 2 patients

Upcoming Congress

Knowledge Experience at Sea TM