Cover Page March-2019-Advanced Materials Letters

Advanced Materials Letters

Volume 10, Issue 3, Pages 206-214, March 2019
About Cover

The cover photo describes the scheme of the twin screw extruder for the preparation of thermoplastic starch (TPS).  As discussed by M. Paula Guarás, this screw extrusion process is very advantageous for the preparation of TPS films with improved mechanical and water vapor absorption properties in any industrial processing line for plastic packaging products. 


Effect of storage time, plasticizer formulation and extrusion parameters on the performance of thermoplastic starch films

M. Paula Guarás*, Vera A. Alvarez, Leandro N. Ludueña

Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET), Instituto de Investigaciones en Ciencia y Tecnología de Materiales (INTEMA), Grupo de Materiales Compuestos Termoplásticos (CoMP), Facultad de Ingeniería, Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata, Av. Colón 10850 (B7606BVZ) Mar del Plata, Argentina

Adv. Mater. Lett., 2019, 10 (3), pp 206-214

DOI: 10.5185/amlett.2019.2205

Publication Date (Web): Dec 31, 2018

E-mail: paula.guaras@gmail.com, luduenaunmdp@gmail.com, alvarezvera@gmail.com

Abstract

A twin screw extrusion processing method was developed for the preparation of thermoplastic starch (TPS) for packaging applications. Different plasticizer combinations were used looking for the minimal temperature profile in the extruder in order to prevent the thermal degradation of TPS. The effect of storage time at 25 °C and 50% of relative humidity on the properties of TPS was studied. Plasticized TPS samples observed by scanning electron microscopy showed homogeneous fracture surfaces without unstructured starch granules. X-ray diffractometry tests showed retro gradation of all TPS formulations with progressive Vh-type crystal structure formation. Temperature for maximum thermal degradation rate of raw materials was shifted to higher values after preparing the TPS, suggesting not only physical but also chemical interactions between plasticizers and starch molecules. Mechanical properties were significantly improved replacing 10 wt. % of glycerol by water as plasticizer, which was attributed to the increased gelatinization degree and the reduction of thermal degradation. 

Keywords

Thermoplastic starch, processing condition, formulation, storage time.

Current Issue

Cloud Medicine set to Revolutionize Doorstep Personalized Healthcare


Various surfactants for 0 – 3 dimensional nanocarbons: Separation, exfoliation and solubilization


Polypyrrole based biofunctional composite layer for bioelectrocatalytic device system


Innovative Graphene-PDMS sensors for aerospace applications 


Effect of hot drawing process and carbonization temperature in electrochemical behavior of electrospun carbon nanofibers


Chemical Reactivity and Electronical Properties of Graphene and Reduced Graphene Oxide on Different Substrates


Laser Raman micro-spectroscopy as an effective non-destructive method of detection and identification of various sp2 carbon modifications in industry and in nature


Electrochemical promotion of ammonia synthesis with proton-conducting solid oxide fuel cells


Biomimetic surfaces with hierarchical structure using microsized texture and nanosized Cu particles for superhydrophobicity


Enhancement the properties of high and low-density polyethylene membranes by radiation grafting process


Synthesis of 9-Aminoacridine and its Application as an Anode Material for Aqueous Rechargeable Lithium–ion Batteries


Facile synthesis of novel tough and highly flexible biodegradable membranes for water microfiltration


Investigating the possibility of using acetic acid in place of HF in chromium-benzenedicarboxylates (MIL-53 and MIL-101) synthesis applicable for CO2 adsorption


Previous issues

Smart Healthcare pulls up Clouds for Virtual Medicine

Selecting the correct electromagnetic inspection technology 

Influence of railway-track grinding on the track material condition and tribological behaviour

Micromechanical Fatigue Modelling of the Size Effect in Micro-Scale 316L Stainless Steel Specimens

Functionalization of Graphene and Reduced Graphene Oxide in Different Matrices

Effect of parasitic polytypes on ballistic electron transport in chemical vapor deposition grown 6H-SiC epitaxial layers

Photomemristive heterostructures based on two-dimensional crystals

Architecture - behaviour - properties relationship in Star-shaped MPA-PMMA and MPA-PS hyper-branched copolymers

Graphene and doped graphene: A comparative DFT study

Ag2CO3 / Magnetic reduced graphene oxide nanocomposite as advanced visible light photocatalytic hybrid materials for efficient degradation of azo dye

Optimization of acid hydrolysis process for the preparation cellulose nanofibrils

Alginate/k-carrageenan and alginate/gelatin composite hydrogel beads for controlled drug release of curcumin

Study of microstructure and mechanical properties of friction stir welded ferrite-martensite DP700 steel

Upcoming Congress

Knowledge Experience at Sea TM