Cover Page February-2019-Advanced Materials Letters

Advanced Materials Letters

Volume 10, Issue 2, Pages 116-123, February 2019
About Cover

The cover photo describing the crystal structure of Na5YSi4O12 with glass-ceramic Na+ superionic conductors. As discussed by Toshinori Okura, these glass-ceramic conductors have great potential and are one of the most important groups of solid electrolytes, not only because of its practical usefulness for advanced batteries but also for its three-dimensional ionic conducting nature.


Polypyrrole/MWCNT nanobiocomposite based electrochemical urease biosensor

Bhavna H. Meshram, Subhash B. Kondawar*

Department of Physics, Polymer Nanotech Laboratory, Rashtrasant Tukadoji Maharaj Nagpur University, Nagpur 440033, India

Adv. Mater. Lett., 2019, 10 (2), pp 116-123

DOI: 10.5185/amlett.2019.1568

Publication Date (Web): Dec 19, 2018

E-mail: sbkondawar@yahoo.co.in

Abstract

Fabrication of nanocomposite film of electrically conducting polypyrrole (PPy) and functionalized multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) on a stainless steel electrode by electro-deposition method and immobilization of urease onto the nanocomposite film to obtain a nanobiocomposite electrode as a sensitive electrochemical urease biosensor is reported. Cross-linking by glutaraldehyde (0.1%) method for the immobilization of urease (2 mg/mL) in a phosphate buffer solution of 0.1 molarity at a pH of 7.0 was used. The Characterization of the nanocomposite and nanobiocomposite film thus obtained was done by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Cyclic Voltammetry (CV), and Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS). The increased size of the Cyclic voltammogram and shifting of anionic peaks towards the lower voltage indicates the incorporation of MWCNTs into the growing film during the electro-deposition of PPy on electrode. Reduction of the oxidation potential due to MWCNTs leads to lowering of potential for the electro-catalytic reduction of urea. The incorporation of functionalized MWCNT also made possible increased amount of enzyme concentration, an extended lifetime, long time stability and improved response times of the enzyme electrode. This modified nanobiocomposite electrode showed a good linear response to the urea concentration change in the range of 10 mM to 50 mM. The results obtained from Michaelis–Menten constant K´m, maximum current (Imax), detection limit, sensitivity, response time and shelf-life of electrochemical biosensor indicating good sensing for urea detection. 

Keywords

Electrochemical biosensor, conducting polymers, polypyrrole, multi-walled carbon nanotubes, urease.

Current Issue

Smart Healthcare pulls up Clouds for Virtual Medicine


Selecting the correct electromagnetic inspection technology 


Influence of railway-track grinding on the track material condition and tribological behaviour


Micromechanical Fatigue Modelling of the Size Effect in Micro-Scale 316L Stainless Steel Specimens


Functionalization of Graphene and Reduced Graphene Oxide in Different Matrices


Effect of parasitic polytypes on ballistic electron transport in chemical vapor deposition grown 6H-SiC epitaxial layers


Photomemristive heterostructures based on two-dimensional crystals


Architecture - behaviour - properties relationship in Star-shaped MPA-PMMA and MPA-PS hyper-branched copolymers


Graphene and doped graphene: A comparative DFT study


Ag2CO3 / Magnetic reduced graphene oxide nanocomposite as advanced visible light photocatalytic hybrid materials for efficient degradation of azo dye


Optimization of acid hydrolysis process for the preparation cellulose nanofibrils


Alginate/k-carrageenan and alginate/gelatin composite hydrogel beads for controlled drug release of curcumin


Study of microstructure and mechanical properties of friction stir welded ferrite-martensite DP700 steel


Previous issues

9th Anniversary of Advanced Materials Letters: Progress and Opportunities

Coating - A potent method to enhance electrochemical performance of Li(NixMnyCoz)O2 cathodes for Li-ion batteries

Analysis of machined electron beam treated Ti6Al4V-ELI implant surfaces

Bottom-up design of hydrogels through click-chemistry modification of magnetic nanoparticles

Visualization of mechanical loads with semiconductor nanocrystals 

Room temperature growth of ultra porous hot-wire deposited tantalum pentoxide

Substrate integrated circular cavity resonator filled with nano-fibrillated cellulose for humidity detection

Oxygen vacancy filament-based resistive switching in Hf0.5Zr0.5O2 thin films for non-volatile memory

Innovative silicon compatible materials for light emitting devices  

Graphene micromesh for transparent conductive films application 

Applications of nano-scale Cirrus DopantTM to improve existing coatings

Chitin nanofibrils in renewable materials for packaging and personal care applications

Synthesis of AgNPs embedded double network nanocomposite hydrogels having high swelling and anti-bacterial characteristics

Upcoming Congress

Knowledge Experience at Sea TM