Effect of the incorporation of a microencapsulated healing agent in an epoxy-amine fiber reinforced composite material

Julieta Gutiérrez, Luciana Sáenz Tidone, Ariel Stocchi, Romina P. Ollier*, Vera A. Alvarez

Composite Materials Group (CoMP), Research Institute of Materials Science and Technology (INTEMA), CONICET - Engineering Faculty, National University of Mar del Plata, Colón 10890, Mar del Plata (B7608FDQ), Argentina

Adv. Mater. Lett., 2017, 8 (11), pp 1065-1071

DOI: 10.5185/amlett.2017.1550

Publication Date (Web): Aug 05, 2017

E-mail: rominaollier@fi.mdp.edu.ar

Abstract


The objective of this work was to study the effect of incorporating a microencapsulated healing agent in an epoxy matrix and E-glass fiber reinforced composite. Microcapsules were prepared via oil-in-water emulsion polymerization method with dicyclopentadiene as core material and poly(urea-formaldehyde) (PUF) as shell material. The suitable formulation for the epoxy matrix was selected based on the study of the rheological and mechanical properties of various chemical systems. Different amounts of microcapsules were incorporated and the most appropriate processing method (mixing, curing and post-curing cycle) was evaluated. Furthermore, flexural and fracture tests were carried out and the distribution of the capsules as well as the interfacial adhesion with the epoxy matrix were studied. Finally, the processing of fiber reinforced composites, with and without microcapsules, was carried out by compression molding and the mechanical properties of the composites were studied (modulus and maximum flexural strain) from testing three-point bending. The resulting samples with 32 wt. % of fibers and matrices with no microcapsules were compared. Compression molding technique did not affect the integrity of the microcapsules inside the composites. 

Keywords

Epoxy, microcapsules, processing, mechanical properties, fiber composite.

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