Morphological and electrical characterization of Cu-doped PbS thin films with AFM

Illia Dobryden1, 2, Baligh Touati3, Abdelaziz Gassoumi3,4, Alberto Vomiero1,Najoua Kamoun3, Nils Almqvist1*

1Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Division of Materials Science/Experimental Physics, Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, SE-971 87, Sweden

2Department of Chemistry, Division of Surface and Corrosion Science, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, SE-100 44, Sweden

3Physics Condensed Matter Laboratory, Faculty of Science of Tunis, University of Tunis El-Manar, Tunis, 2092, Tunisia

4King Khalid University, College of Science, Physics Department, P.O. Box 9004, Abha 61413, Saudi Arabia             

Adv. Mater. Lett., 2017, 8 (11), pp 1029-1037

DOI: 10.5185/amlett.2017.1545

Publication Date (Web): Aug 05, 2017

E-mail: nils.almqvist@ltu.se

Abstract


Lead sulphide (PbS) is a direct band gap IV–VI intrinsic p-type semiconductor with good potential for application in solar cells, sensors, etc. Doping the films with Cu2+ ions may improve the electrical properties. Here, Cu-doped PbS films were deposited on conducting glass substrates. The morphology, topography and thickness of the doped PbS films were examined using atomic force microscopy (AFM) and high-resolution SEM. AFM analysis showed decreasing surface roughness and grain size with the increase of Cu2+ concentration from 0.5 to 2.0 at%. Local surface electrical measurements using conducting AFM and Kelvin probe force microscopy showed the possibility to probe semi-quantitatively the changes in surface potential, work function, and Fermi level upon doping of the films. The estimated apparent work function for the un-doped PbS grains in the film was slightly above 4.5 eV, while it decreased to a minimum value of 4.43-4.45 eV at 1–1.5 at% Cu-doping. Conducting AFM measurements showed that local resistance of the doped samples is lower than on pure PbS films. These results indicate Cu doping as an effective strategy to tune the electrical properties of PbS thin films toward the development of suitable optically active materials for application in photovoltaics. 

Keywords

Lead sulphide, KPFM, copper ions, solar cell, thin film.

Current Issue

Advanced Materials Congress Celebrating 10th Years of Establishment


Secure Management of Networked Batteries for Building Integrated Photovoltaics (BIPV) Systems  


The Cause of 100-year Low Carbonated Concrete of the Bridge 


Organic Montmorillonite Intercalated Nano-composites Prevent Post-Surgical Associated Infections


Morphology/tensile Performance Relationship for LLDPE/PP Double Gated Injected Blends


Preparation and Characterization of Nickel Ferrite Nanoparticles via Sol-gel Method


Nitrogen-doped Diamond Nanowire Gas Sensor for the Detection of Methane


Manufacture of Functional Open-cell Al Foams with Recycled Al Scraps using NaCl Ball Space Holder 


Vilsmeier-Haack Transformations under Non Classical Conditions


New Application of Highly Vesicular Basalt from Jabel Isbil Volcano (Dhamar-Rada'a Volcanic Field), Yemen


An Assessment of Tribological Characteristics under different Operating Condition


Functional Bi Coatings as A Perspective Material for Radiation Shields Production against Electron Radiation


Effects of Silica Modified NiFe2O4 on the Dielectric and Electrical Properties of NiFe2O4 filled Poly (methyl methacrylate) Composites


Previous issues
The Journey of a Decade to Advancing Materials Are the Electrospun Polymers Polymeric Fibers? Mechanical and Thermal Properties of Composite Material and Insulation for a Single Walled Tank for Cryogenic Liquids Prediction of Long-Term Behavior for Dynamically Loaded TPU Investigation of Doped Titanium Dioxide in Anatase Phase. Study ab initio using Density Functional Theory Comparison between Single Al2O3 or HfO2 Single Dielectric Layers and their Nanolaminated Systems Preparation of Stable and Optimized Antibody-gold Nanoparticle Conjugates for Point of Care Test Immunoassays Resonance-Based Temperature Sensors using a Wafer Level Vacuum Packaged SOI MEMS Process Integrated System Based on the Hall Sensors Incorporating Compensation of the Distortions The Efficacy of Cinnamomum Tamala as a Potential Antimicrobial Substance against the Multi-Drug Resistant Enterococcus Faecalis from Clinical Isolates The Effect of Complexing Reagent on Structural, Electrical and Optical Properties of CuS Thin Film Laser Cladding of Fluorapatite Nanopowders on Ti6Al4V Preparation and Evaluation of Sulfonate Polyethylene Glycol Borate Ester as a Modifier of Functional Properties of Complex Petroleum Lithium Grease

Upcoming Congress

Knowledge Experience at Sea TM