Mechanical properties and microstructure of magnesium alloy Mg22Gd processed by severe plastic deformation

Miloš Janeček1*, Peter Minárik1, Tomáš Krajňák1, Kristína Bartha1, Josef Straskuy1,Jakub Cizek

1Department of Physics of Materials, Charles University, Ke Karlovu 5, Prague 2, 12116, Czech Republic

2Department of Low Temperature Physics, Charles University, V Holešovi?kách 747, Prague 8, 18000, Czech Republic

3Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Pohang University of Science and Technology, Pohang 790-784, South Korea

Adv. Mater. Lett., 2017, 8 (9), pp 897-904

DOI: 10.5185/amlett.2017.1582

Publication Date (Web): Jun 04, 2017



Mg22Gd alloy was processed by high pressure torsion (HPT) at room temperature and the pressure of 2 GPa. A series of specimens with different number of rotations N (N = 0-15) was prepared from the initial coarse grained as cast material. Mechanical properties were investigated by microhardness mapping. The microhardness was found to increase with increasing strain imposed by HPT and tend to saturate at about HV = 145. The microstructure (phase morphology and composition, etc.) evolution with strain was investigated by scanning electron microscopy and EDS. High Gd content in the alloy resulted in the precipitation of stable Mg5Gd phase. This phase exhibited apparently higher hardness than the magnesium matrix. During straining the phase was continuously fragmented and only tiny particles were found in heavily strained material. Electron back scatter diffraction (EBSD) and automated crystallographic orientation mapping in transmission electron (ACOM-TEM) were employed to characterize the fragmentation of the grain structure. HPT was found to result in strong grain refinement by the factor of approximately 1000. The dislocation density was determined by positron annihilation spectroscopy. Significant twinning was found in the initial stages of HPT straining. At high strains twin formation was suppressed and only dislocation storage in the material occurs.


High pressure torsion, MgGd alloy, electron microscopy, microstructure, microhardness

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