Rheology of high melt strength polypropylene for additive manufacturing

Ralf Jagenteufel2, Thomas Hofstaetter1*, Florian Kamleitner2, David B. Pedersen1, Guido Tosello1, Hans N. Hansen1

1Technical University of Denmark, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Kongens Lyngby, 2800, Denmark

2Vienna University of Technology, Institute of Materials Science and Technology, Getreidemarkt 9, 1060 Vienna, Austria

Adv. Mater. Lett., 2017, 8 (6), pp 712-716

DOI: 10.5185/amlett.2017.1450

Publication Date (Web): Apr 30, 2017

E-mail: thohofs@mek.dtu.dk

Abstract


Rheological measurements of high melt strength polypropylene (HMS-PP) were used in order to generate master curves describing the shear-dependent viscosity in comparison to acrylonitrile butadiene styrene copolymer (ABS). The latter material showed specific disadvantages in terms of thermal stability, whereas HMS-PP showed a more stable behavior at the investigated temperatures. Hereafter, the material was used in a fused deposition modeling additive manufacturing process, focusing on the investigation of possible improvements of HMS-PP over ABS. Based on the extrusion parameters for ABS, adapted parameters for HMS-PP were determined using a fused deposition modeling test bench. The rheological survey clearly showed changes in the melt viscosity of both ABS and HMS-PP due to thermal degradation. However, the comparison of rheological data of the virgin materials with those of printed material showed negligible changes. This leads to the conclusion that the thermal degradation of HMS-PP and ABS during the fused deposition modeling process is negligible, due to the short exposure time to elevated temperatures.

Keywords

Additive manufacturing technology, ABS, fused deposition modeling, HMS-PP, rheology.

Previous issues

Celebrating 10th Years of Diamond Open Access Publishing in Advanced Materials  

Cerebral Oxygenation Studies Through Near Infrared Spectroscopy: A Review

Analysis of Fine Sulfoaluminate Cement by Strength and Thermogravimetric Analysis

Characterization of the Interfacial Surface Energy for Composite Electrical Conduction Measurements using Two Full Range Percolation Threshold Models

Quantitative Detect of Fatigue of Membrane of Erythrocyte in Uniform Shear Field

Ecofriendly-developed Polyacrylic Acid-coated Magnetic Nanoparticles as Catalysts in Photo-fenton Processes

Evaluation of Drug Interactions with Medications Prescribed to Ambulatory Patients with Metabolic Syndrome in Urban Area

Fiber-reinforced Cementitious Composite: Sensitivity Analysis and Parameter Identification 

Evaluation of Drug Utilization Patterns Based on World Health Organization Drug use Indicators at Outpatients Clinics

Are Quantitatively Micro-machined Scaffolds Effective for Cell Technology?

Synthesis and Characterization of Gold Nanoparticles from Lobelia Nicotianifolia Leaf Extract and its Biological Activities

Advanced Oxidations of Tartrazine Azo-dye

Antifungal Activity of Salvia jordanii Against the Oral Thrush Caused by the Cosmopolitan Yeast Candida albicans among Elderly Diabetic Type 2 patients

Upcoming Congress

Knowledge Experience at Sea TM