Streptavidin conjugated ZnO nanoparticles for early detection of HIV infection

L. A. Avinash Chunduri1, Aditya Kurdekar1, Bulagonda Eswarappa Pradeep2, Mohan Kumar Haleyurgirisetty3, Venkataramaniah K1*, Indira K. Hewlett3

1Department of Physics, Sri Sathya Sai Institute of Higher Learning, Prasanthi Nilayam, 51513, India

2Department of Biosciences, Sri Sathya Sai Institute of Higher Learning, Prasanthi Nilayam, 515134, India

3Laboratory of Molecular Virology, Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER), Food and Drug Administration, Silver Spring, MD 20993, USA

Adv. Mater. Lett., 2017, 8 (4), pp 472-480

DOI: 10.5185/amlett.2017.6579

Publication Date (Web): Mar 14, 2017

E-mail: vrkamisetti@gmail.com

Abstract


Streptavidin labelled fluorescent ZnO nanoparticles have been surface engineered to develop a fluorescent ZnO nanoparticle linked immunoassay (FZLIA) for the sensitive detection of HIV infection. ZnO nanoparticles were synthesized by a single step chemical precipitation method. Cysteine was used to graft carboxyl groups on to the surface of nanoparticles in a single step. Cysteine capped ZnO nanoparticles exhibited fluorescence at 546 nm when excited with 358 nm and FESEM confirmed the particle size to be 50-70 nm. FTIR and TGA confirmed the functionalisation of carboxyl groups by cysteine. The amount of cysteine grafted on the ZnO nanoparticles calculated as 68.1% from TGA analysis indicated the presence of large amount of carboxyl groups. ZnO nanoparticles were conjugated to streptavidin and the same were deployed as fluorescent probes in the development of the FZLIA platform for the early and accurate detection of HIV infection. The linear dose dependent detection range was from 25 pg/mL to 1000 pg/mL. HIV positive and HIV negative plasma samples were tested using FZLIA for the presence of HIV-1 p24 antigen. This immunoassay exhibited no false positive and false negative results with the clinical samples tested. This highly sensitive HIV-1 p24 antigen assay may be useful to improve blood safety by reducing the antibody negative window period in blood donors in resource limited settings where nucleic acid testing is not practical or feasible. This technology can be transferred to a lab-on-chip platform for use in resource limited settings and can also be easily adopted for the detection of other antigens.

Keywords

ZnO nanoparticles, fluorescence, immunoassay, HIV-1, p24 antigen, streptavidin.

Current Issue

Advanced Materials Congress Celebrating 10th Years of Establishment


Secure Management of Networked Batteries for Building Integrated Photovoltaics (BIPV) Systems  


The Cause of 100-year Low Carbonated Concrete of the Bridge 


Organic Montmorillonite Intercalated Nano-composites Prevent Post-Surgical Associated Infections


Morphology/tensile Performance Relationship for LLDPE/PP Double Gated Injected Blends


Preparation and Characterization of Nickel Ferrite Nanoparticles via Sol-gel Method


Nitrogen-doped Diamond Nanowire Gas Sensor for the Detection of Methane


Manufacture of Functional Open-cell Al Foams with Recycled Al Scraps using NaCl Ball Space Holder 


Vilsmeier-Haack Transformations under Non Classical Conditions


New Application of Highly Vesicular Basalt from Jabel Isbil Volcano (Dhamar-Rada'a Volcanic Field), Yemen


An Assessment of Tribological Characteristics under different Operating Condition


Functional Bi Coatings as A Perspective Material for Radiation Shields Production against Electron Radiation


Effects of Silica Modified NiFe2O4 on the Dielectric and Electrical Properties of NiFe2O4 filled Poly (methyl methacrylate) Composites


Previous issues
The Journey of a Decade to Advancing Materials Are the Electrospun Polymers Polymeric Fibers? Mechanical and Thermal Properties of Composite Material and Insulation for a Single Walled Tank for Cryogenic Liquids Prediction of Long-Term Behavior for Dynamically Loaded TPU Investigation of Doped Titanium Dioxide in Anatase Phase. Study ab initio using Density Functional Theory Comparison between Single Al2O3 or HfO2 Single Dielectric Layers and their Nanolaminated Systems Preparation of Stable and Optimized Antibody-gold Nanoparticle Conjugates for Point of Care Test Immunoassays Resonance-Based Temperature Sensors using a Wafer Level Vacuum Packaged SOI MEMS Process Integrated System Based on the Hall Sensors Incorporating Compensation of the Distortions The Efficacy of Cinnamomum Tamala as a Potential Antimicrobial Substance against the Multi-Drug Resistant Enterococcus Faecalis from Clinical Isolates The Effect of Complexing Reagent on Structural, Electrical and Optical Properties of CuS Thin Film Laser Cladding of Fluorapatite Nanopowders on Ti6Al4V Preparation and Evaluation of Sulfonate Polyethylene Glycol Borate Ester as a Modifier of Functional Properties of Complex Petroleum Lithium Grease

Upcoming Congress

Knowledge Experience at Sea TM