Streptavidin conjugated ZnO nanoparticles for early detection of HIV infection

L. A. Avinash Chunduri1, Aditya Kurdekar1, Bulagonda Eswarappa Pradeep2, Mohan Kumar Haleyurgirisetty3, Venkataramaniah K1*, Indira K. Hewlett3

1Department of Physics, Sri Sathya Sai Institute of Higher Learning, Prasanthi Nilayam, 51513, India

2Department of Biosciences, Sri Sathya Sai Institute of Higher Learning, Prasanthi Nilayam, 515134, India

3Laboratory of Molecular Virology, Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER), Food and Drug Administration, Silver Spring, MD 20993, USA

Adv. Mater. Lett., 2017, 8 (4), pp 472-480

DOI: 10.5185/amlett.2017.6579

Publication Date (Web): Mar 14, 2017

E-mail: vrkamisetti@gmail.com

Abstract


Streptavidin labelled fluorescent ZnO nanoparticles have been surface engineered to develop a fluorescent ZnO nanoparticle linked immunoassay (FZLIA) for the sensitive detection of HIV infection. ZnO nanoparticles were synthesized by a single step chemical precipitation method. Cysteine was used to graft carboxyl groups on to the surface of nanoparticles in a single step. Cysteine capped ZnO nanoparticles exhibited fluorescence at 546 nm when excited with 358 nm and FESEM confirmed the particle size to be 50-70 nm. FTIR and TGA confirmed the functionalisation of carboxyl groups by cysteine. The amount of cysteine grafted on the ZnO nanoparticles calculated as 68.1% from TGA analysis indicated the presence of large amount of carboxyl groups. ZnO nanoparticles were conjugated to streptavidin and the same were deployed as fluorescent probes in the development of the FZLIA platform for the early and accurate detection of HIV infection. The linear dose dependent detection range was from 25 pg/mL to 1000 pg/mL. HIV positive and HIV negative plasma samples were tested using FZLIA for the presence of HIV-1 p24 antigen. This immunoassay exhibited no false positive and false negative results with the clinical samples tested. This highly sensitive HIV-1 p24 antigen assay may be useful to improve blood safety by reducing the antibody negative window period in blood donors in resource limited settings where nucleic acid testing is not practical or feasible. This technology can be transferred to a lab-on-chip platform for use in resource limited settings and can also be easily adopted for the detection of other antigens.

Keywords

ZnO nanoparticles, fluorescence, immunoassay, HIV-1, p24 antigen, streptavidin.

Previous issues

Celebrating 10th Years of Diamond Open Access Publishing in Advanced Materials  

Cerebral Oxygenation Studies Through Near Infrared Spectroscopy: A Review

Analysis of Fine Sulfoaluminate Cement by Strength and Thermogravimetric Analysis

Characterization of the Interfacial Surface Energy for Composite Electrical Conduction Measurements using Two Full Range Percolation Threshold Models

Quantitative Detect of Fatigue of Membrane of Erythrocyte in Uniform Shear Field

Ecofriendly-developed Polyacrylic Acid-coated Magnetic Nanoparticles as Catalysts in Photo-fenton Processes

Evaluation of Drug Interactions with Medications Prescribed to Ambulatory Patients with Metabolic Syndrome in Urban Area

Fiber-reinforced Cementitious Composite: Sensitivity Analysis and Parameter Identification 

Evaluation of Drug Utilization Patterns Based on World Health Organization Drug use Indicators at Outpatients Clinics

Are Quantitatively Micro-machined Scaffolds Effective for Cell Technology?

Synthesis and Characterization of Gold Nanoparticles from Lobelia Nicotianifolia Leaf Extract and its Biological Activities

Advanced Oxidations of Tartrazine Azo-dye

Antifungal Activity of Salvia jordanii Against the Oral Thrush Caused by the Cosmopolitan Yeast Candida albicans among Elderly Diabetic Type 2 patients

Upcoming Congress

Knowledge Experience at Sea TM