Supercritical CO2 aided polyindole-graphene nanocomposites for high power density electrode

Harish Mudila1, 2, Sweta Rana1, Mohammad G. H. Zaidi1*

1Department of Chemistry, G. B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar, Uttarakhand, 263145, India

2Department of Chemistry, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara, Punjab, 144411, India

Adv. Mater. Lett., 2017, 8 (3), pp 269-275

DOI: 10.5185/amlett.2017.7018

Publication Date (Web): Jan 28, 2017

E-mail: mghzaidi@gmail.com

Abstract


A series of Polyindole/Graphene nanocomposites (PGNCs) as electrochemical energy storage materials were fabricated at varying concentration (%, w/w) of graphene raging 3.0–9.0 in Polyindole (PIN) matrix in Supercritical CO2. The electrochemical behavior of PGNC prepared at different proportion of graphene was investigated. The PGNC@9% has rendered specific capacitance of 389.17 F/g, along with energy and power densities of 13.51 Wh/kg and 511.95 W/kg respectively, which is greater as compared to graphene prepared through thermal reduction of graphene oxide. However, PIN comprises low capacitance of 24.48 F/g. Successive scans of PGNCs electrode for 1000 cycles at the scan rate of 0.1 V/s in KOH (1.0 M) shows a capacitive retention of ~98.6% indicating the electrochemical stability of the electrodes, with successive charge-discharge behavior. PGNCs display all the major peaks in Fourier Transform-Infrared and X-Ray diffraction spectra. Scanning electron micrograph in permutation with XRD spectra indicates the exfoliation of graphene into the matrix of PIN. Simultaneous TG-DSC reveals increased thermal stability of PGNCs with fractions of graphene. The good capacitive and charge-discharge performance indicates that supercritically fabricated PGNCs may serve as potential electrode materials for electrochemical energy storage devices.

Keywords

Graphene, nanocomposites, polyindole, scCO2, specific capacitance, sulphonated polysulphone.

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