Facile synthesis of few layer graphene from bituminous coal and its application towards electrochemical sensing of caffeine

E. Senthil Kumar1, V. Sivasankar2, R. Sureshbabu3, S. Raghu2*, R. A. Kalaivani1*

1Department of Chemistry, Vels University, Chennai, 600117, India

2Vels Advanced Energy Research Centre, Vels University, Chennai, 600117, India

3Centro Federal de Educação Tecnológica, Celso Suckow da Fonseca, Rio de Janeiro, 20271110, Brazil

Adv. Mater. Lett., 2017, 8 (3), pp 239-245

DOI: 10.5185/amlett.2017.7048

Publication Date (Web): Jan 28, 2017

E-mail: rakvani@yahoo.co.in, subraghu_0612@yahoo.co.in


A simple, cost-effective, sensitive and highly selective method for the detection of caffeine has been developed at graphene modified carbon paste electrodes (GME). We synthesis of graphene oxide (GO) derived from bituminous coal by improved modified Hummers method. The synthesized graphene were characterized by UV-Visible Spectroscopy, FT-IR and Raman Spectroscopy, X-ray Diffraction Studies, Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy (FE-SEM) and High Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy (HR-TEM).  An electrochemical behavior of caffeine at the coal derived from graphene modified electrode was investigated by cyclic voltammetry (CV) and chronoamperometry (CA). By way of a result, graphene modified electrode (GME) showed good electrocatalytic activity towards the oxidation of caffeine. Under the optimized tentative conditions, caffeine was sensed in the concentration range from 0.2 to120 µmol L-1 with a detection limit of 90 nm molL-1 at a signal-to-noise ratio = 3. Hence, the graphene modified electrode (GME) could be used for the determination of caffeine in soft-drinks samples with high sensitivity and good selectivity. In this chronoamperometry shows a high catalytic currents are desirable for applications such as use in sensors. 


Bituminous coal, few&ndash,layer graphene, carbon paste electrode and cyclic voltammetry, chronoamperometry.

Current Issue

Celebrating 10th Years of Diamond Open Access Publishing in Advanced Materials  

Cerebral Oxygenation Studies Through Near Infrared Spectroscopy: A Review

Analysis of Fine Sulfoaluminate Cement by Strength and Thermogravimetric Analysis

Characterization of the Interfacial Surface Energy for Composite Electrical Conduction Measurements using Two Full Range Percolation Threshold Models

Quantitative Detect of Fatigue of Membrane of Erythrocyte in Uniform Shear Field

Ecofriendly-developed Polyacrylic Acid-coated Magnetic Nanoparticles as Catalysts in Photo-fenton Processes

Evaluation of Drug Interactions with Medications Prescribed to Ambulatory Patients with Metabolic Syndrome in Urban Area

Fiber-reinforced Cementitious Composite: Sensitivity Analysis and Parameter Identification 

Evaluation of Drug Utilization Patterns Based on World Health Organization Drug use Indicators at Outpatients Clinics

Are Quantitatively Micro-machined Scaffolds Effective for Cell Technology?

Synthesis and Characterization of Gold Nanoparticles from Lobelia Nicotianifolia Leaf Extract and its Biological Activities

Advanced Oxidations of Tartrazine Azo-dye

Antifungal Activity of Salvia jordanii Against the Oral Thrush Caused by the Cosmopolitan Yeast Candida albicans among Elderly Diabetic Type 2 patients

Previous issues

Advanced Materials Congress Celebrating 10th Years of Establishment

Secure Management of Networked Batteries for Building Integrated Photovoltaics (BIPV) Systems  

The Cause of 100-year Low Carbonated Concrete of the Bridge 

Organic Montmorillonite Intercalated Nano-composites Prevent Post-Surgical Associated Infections

Morphology/tensile Performance Relationship for LLDPE/PP Double Gated Injected Blends

Preparation and Characterization of Nickel Ferrite Nanoparticles via Sol-gel Method

Nitrogen-doped Diamond Nanowire Gas Sensor for the Detection of Methane

Manufacture of Functional Open-cell Al Foams with Recycled Al Scraps using NaCl Ball Space Holder 

Vilsmeier-Haack Transformations under Non Classical Conditions

New Application of Highly Vesicular Basalt from Jabel Isbil Volcano (Dhamar-Rada'a Volcanic Field), Yemen

An Assessment of Tribological Characteristics under different Operating Condition

Functional Bi Coatings as A Perspective Material for Radiation Shields Production against Electron Radiation

Effects of Silica Modified NiFe2O4 on the Dielectric and Electrical Properties of NiFe2O4 filled Poly (methyl methacrylate) Composites

Upcoming Congress

Knowledge Experience at Sea TM