Using titanium dioxide/carbon nanotubes to remove humic acids in water
Dept. of Civil Engineering, National Chi Nan University, 1, University Rd., PuLi, NanTou, Taiwan
Adv. Mater. Lett., 2016, 7 (2), pp 95-97
Publication Date (Web): Jan 04, 2016
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This study used multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs), TiO2 and their mixture (TiO2/CNT) to remove humic acids (HA) in water. The thermodynamic parameters with respect to the adsorption of MWCNTs, including free energy of adsorption (ΔG0), enthalpy (ΔH0), and entropy (ΔS0) changes, are further calculated in the study. The ΔH0 data showed the adsorption of HA onto MWCNTs is an endothermic physisorption. The ΔG0 data indicates the adsorption of HA onto MWCNTs was spontaneous and thermodynamically favorable. Photocatalytic experiments showed 60 mgl-1 of HAs were completely degraded and mineralized as CO2 after 5 h UV irradiation by 0.8 gl-1 of TiO2, indicating the efficiency of TiO2 for the removal of HA is better than CNTs. The experiments of TiO2/CNT indicated the photocatalytic efficiency of TiO2 in the presence of CNTs was not improved, even worse than TiO2 alone. However, the photocatalytic efficiency of TiO2/CNT mixture became better than TiO2 alone due to the supply of oxygen by aeration, ascribing to the reason that the provided oxygen might be adsorbed on the surface of CNTs and accept e- as well as form •O2-, which also leads to the formation of •OH- in the system.
Carbon nanotubes, humic acid, adsorption, titanium dioxide, photocatalyst.