Effect Of Nickel Ferrite On Bismuth Ferrite To Generate Nanocomposite In Relation To Structure, Characterization, Magnetic Properties And Band Gap Evaluation

Soumya Mukherjee*, Manoj Kumar Mitra

Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, Jadavpur University, 188, RajaS. C. Mallick Road, Kolkata, 700032, India

Adv. Mater. Lett., 2015, 6 (10), pp 902-906

DOI: 10.5185/amlett.2015.5833

Publication Date (Web): Sep 18, 2015

E-mail: smmukherjee3@gmail.com


Multiferroic materials are new class of multi-functional materials which possess both ferro-electric and magnetic properties. This type of material has wide range of applications like semi-conducting to sensors applications.  Nanocomposite of equimolar perovskite-spinel is synthesized by chemical route by blending of Nickel ferrite as second phase on Bismuth ferrite after heat treatment at 500 °C for 2, 3 and 4 hours soaking period. From the diffractogram data of XRD, the phase, and planes of orientation are analyzed of the synthesized materials. The crystallite size is calculated by Scherrer’s formula. FESEM studies reveal the morphological features having interconnected agglomerates with spherical, irregular polygonal or some elongated shape of the synthesized nanocomposite. FTIR result shows the molecular signature of the nanocrystalline material to verify the M-O coordination. Interplanar spacings and SAED pattern are revealed from HRTEM images which are very close to the experimental findings from XRD phase analysis. UV-VIS analysis is performed in the transmission mode of spectra within the scan range of 200-1100 nm. From the spectra, using Tauc relation band gap is calculated. Band gap are found of the order of 2.847 eV, 2.78 eV, 2.69 eV respectively for 2, 3 and 4 hours soaking period close to semiconducting material. With the increase of soaking time band gap is found to decrease following Arrhenius activation of electronic mobility overwhelming the energy barrier at respective lattice sites. M-H analysis of Nanocomposite at 500 °C for 2 hrs is closer towards ferromagnetic with incomplete loop but for sample at 500 °C for 4hrs it is closer towards superparamagnetic one. The property of this material reflects it has many interesting characteristics suitable for opto-electronic, photo-magnetic devices and other electronic applications.


M-H analysis, nanocomposite, perovskite-spinel, band gap, superparamagnetism.

Current Issue

Celebrating 10th Years of Diamond Open Access Publishing in Advanced Materials  

Cerebral Oxygenation Studies Through Near Infrared Spectroscopy: A Review

Analysis of Fine Sulfoaluminate Cement by Strength and Thermogravimetric Analysis

Characterization of the Interfacial Surface Energy for Composite Electrical Conduction Measurements using Two Full Range Percolation Threshold Models

Quantitative Detect of Fatigue of Membrane of Erythrocyte in Uniform Shear Field

Ecofriendly-developed Polyacrylic Acid-coated Magnetic Nanoparticles as Catalysts in Photo-fenton Processes

Evaluation of Drug Interactions with Medications Prescribed to Ambulatory Patients with Metabolic Syndrome in Urban Area

Fiber-reinforced Cementitious Composite: Sensitivity Analysis and Parameter Identification 

Evaluation of Drug Utilization Patterns Based on World Health Organization Drug use Indicators at Outpatients Clinics

Are Quantitatively Micro-machined Scaffolds Effective for Cell Technology?

Synthesis and Characterization of Gold Nanoparticles from Lobelia Nicotianifolia Leaf Extract and its Biological Activities

Advanced Oxidations of Tartrazine Azo-dye

Antifungal Activity of Salvia jordanii Against the Oral Thrush Caused by the Cosmopolitan Yeast Candida albicans among Elderly Diabetic Type 2 patients

Previous issues

Advanced Materials Congress Celebrating 10th Years of Establishment

Secure Management of Networked Batteries for Building Integrated Photovoltaics (BIPV) Systems  

The Cause of 100-year Low Carbonated Concrete of the Bridge 

Organic Montmorillonite Intercalated Nano-composites Prevent Post-Surgical Associated Infections

Morphology/tensile Performance Relationship for LLDPE/PP Double Gated Injected Blends

Preparation and Characterization of Nickel Ferrite Nanoparticles via Sol-gel Method

Nitrogen-doped Diamond Nanowire Gas Sensor for the Detection of Methane

Manufacture of Functional Open-cell Al Foams with Recycled Al Scraps using NaCl Ball Space Holder 

Vilsmeier-Haack Transformations under Non Classical Conditions

New Application of Highly Vesicular Basalt from Jabel Isbil Volcano (Dhamar-Rada'a Volcanic Field), Yemen

An Assessment of Tribological Characteristics under different Operating Condition

Functional Bi Coatings as A Perspective Material for Radiation Shields Production against Electron Radiation

Effects of Silica Modified NiFe2O4 on the Dielectric and Electrical Properties of NiFe2O4 filled Poly (methyl methacrylate) Composites

Upcoming Congress

Knowledge Experience at Sea TM