Effect of Ni/NiO particles on structure and crack propagation in zirconia based composites
Donetsk Institute for Physics and Engineering NAS of Ukraine, 83114, R. Luxemburg str., 72, Donetsk, Ukraine
Adv. Mater. Lett., 2014, 5 (8), pp 465-471
Publication Date (Web): Jul 16, 2014
Copyright © IAAM-VBRI Press
The structure formation of yttria stabilized zirconia - nickel oxide composites sintered in air and argon atmosphere were studied. It was shown that the crack propagation in 3Y-TZP ceramics greatly inhibited by creation of composite structure by addition of NiO particles and sintering at 1500oC in argon atmosphere. Prevention of formation of the monoclinic phase of zirconia was conditioned by sintering composite under argon. Increasing of K1C value was found as in sample shell as in sample core of composite, in comparison with matrix 3Y-TZP ceramics. The increasing of K1C value of obtained intergranular type of composite structure cannot be explained by crack deflection and crack bridging processes by Ni and NiO particles, respectively. The possible explanation of K1C value increasing is the intensification of phase transformation toughening of zirconia by formation of metastable tetragonal phase depleted by Y3+ ions. The reversibly dissociation of NiO on Ni and oxygen in neutral atmosphere provided the formation of cubic phase and Y3+ depleted tetragonal phase. Internal oxidation of Ni during cooling leads to formation metastable tetragonal phase in depleted Y3+ zirconia grains. The formation of NiO particles during cooling lead to emergence of large compressive stresses, which also increased the metastability of tetragonal zirconia grains, depleted of Y3+ ions.
Zirconia-nickel composites, phase transition, fracture toughness, reversible dissociation