Structural, Dielectric And Magnetic Properties Of Nanocrystalline BaFe12O19 Hexaferrite Processed Via Sol-gel Technique

Virender Pratap Singh1,2*, Gagan Kumar1, Pooja Dhiman1, R. K. Kotnala3, Jyoti Shah3,Khalid M. Batoo4, M. Singh1

1Department of Physics, Himachal Pradesh University, Shimla, India

2Department of Applied Sciences, Shoolini University, Bajhol, Solan, India

3National Physical Laboratory (CSIR), Dr. K. S. Krishnan Marg, New Delhi, 110012, India

4King Abdullah Institute for Nanotechnology, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Adv. Mater. Lett., 2014, 5 (8), pp 447-452

DOI: 10.5185/amlett.2014.554

Publication Date (Web): Jul 16, 2014

E-mail: kunwar.virender@gmail.com

Abstract


In the present work BaFe12O19 nano-hexaferrite had been synthesized by sol-gel method and then characterized for its structural, electric, dielectric and magnetic properties. X-ray diffraction studies confirmed the hexagonal structure of the prepared nanohexaferrite with no secondary phase and the particle size was found to be of the order of 49 nm. Further, the morphology of the sample has been studied by using transmission electron microscopy (TEM). A high value of the DC resistivity (5.5 × 106 Ω cm), has been obtained at room temperature. The dielectric properties such as dielectric constant (ε′), dielectric loss tangent (tan δ) and ac electrical conductivity (σac) are investigated as a function of frequency. The dielectric constant and loss tangent are found to be decreasing with the increase in frequency while ac electrical conductivity is observed to be increasing with the increase in frequency. The dielectric properties have been explained on the basis of Maxwell-Wagner’s two-layer model and hopping of the charge. The magnetic properties such as initial permeability (µi) and relative loss factor (RLF) have been investigated as a function of frequency in the range 75 kHz to 30 MHz .Fairly constant value of initial permeability and low values of RLF of the order of 10-4 over a wide frequency range are the cardinal achievements of the present work. The room temperature M-H study shows that present nanohexaferrite has high value of coercivity (2151.3 Oe) and high saturation magnetization (32.5 emu/gm), which make present nanohexaferrite very suitable for magnetic applications. The M-T study shows that prepared nano-hexaferrite has high Tc (746 K).

Keywords

Nanoparticle, electrical properties, grain boundaries, initial permeability, sol-gel preparation.

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