Cover Page August-2014-Advanced Materials Letters

Advanced Materials Letters

Volume 5, Issue 8, Pages 422-428, August 2014
About Cover

 Nanofibrous Filtering Materials With Catalytic Activity

Ganna Ungur1*, Jakub Hrůza2

1Department of Nonwovens and Nanofibrous Materials, Technical University of Liberec, 17 Listopadu, 584, Liberec, Czech Republic

2Center for Nanomaterials, Advanced Technologies and Innovation, Technical University of Liberec, Studentská 1402/2, Liberec, Czech Republic

Adv. Mater. Lett., 2014, 5 (8), pp 422-428

DOI: 10.5185/amlett.2014.amwc1025

Publication Date (Web): Jul 16, 2014


Graphical Abstract

 Nanofibers, catalyst, air filtration, electrospinning


This research describes the fabrication of nanofibrous materials for the air purification with high filtration efficiency and catalytic properties to clean the air from solid particles and emissions of automobile's transport. The polyurethane (PU) nanofibers were modified by particles of SnO2 and CrO2 in the ratio 95/5 to impart catalytic properties in the reaction with emission gases (CO, NOx).The modification process was provided by the introduction of metal’s oxide’s particles of different concentrations (1;2; 3; 4%) into the polymer solution. Reological properties and conductivity of the modified solutions were studied. The viscosity of solutions grew up gradually with increasing of SnO2/CrO2 concentrations. Fiber's samples were produced from modified solutions by the electorstatic fiber forming using Nanospider technology. The morphology of produced fibers was analysed by the Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). SEM pictures confirmed the smoothness of fibrous layer. The diameters of fibres were measured with the help of Lucie 32G computer software. The obtained results demonstrated increasing of average diameters of nanofibers for the concentration 1and 2% of catalysts in comparison with the pure PU samples. But fibers with 3 and 4% of SnO2/CrO2 particles showed the decreasing of average fiber diameters. The presence of catalyst on the nanofiber`s surface was proved by the method of Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy (EDS). The catalytic properties of produced nanolayers in the reaction with emission's gases were studied with the measurement setup consisting from the engine, a system of analyzers and UV lamp as a sourse of energy to activate the catalyst. All samples demonstrated good catalytic efficiency. The best result showed the sample of PU nanofibers with 3% of SnO2/CrO: the concentrations of CO and NOx reduced by 81% and 73% respectively. Produced samples are the promising materials for air-conditioning systems.


Nanofibers, catalyst, air filtration, electrospinning

Previous issues

Current Global Scenario of Electric Vehicles

Review on Detection of Phenol in Water 

Investigating the Machinability of Metallic Matrix Composites Reinforced by Carbon Nanotubes: A Review

Photocatalytic ZnO based PES Membranes for AOP Water Treatments under UV and Sunlight

Plasma Activated Water as a Source of Nitrogen for Algae Growth

Digital Light Processing (DLP) 3D Printing of Polyethylene Glycol (PEG) Biopolymer, Commercially available Ultra-High and Tough (UHT) Resin and Maghemite (γ-Fe2O3) Nanoparticles Mixture for Tissue Engineering Scaffold Application

Fabrication of Nanoparticle Embedded Polymeric Microbeads as an Efficient Drug Delivery System

Micro/Nanostructured Papers from Bagasse Pulp Reinforced by Nanofibrillated Cellulose from different Agro-Waste Sources

Structural, Optical and Magnetic Properties of Pristine, (Mn, Al) co-doped ZnO Nanocrystallites Synthesized via co-Precipitation Method

Nanosecond Laser Surface Patterning of Ti6Al4V Bio-alloy for Improved Biological Performance

Synthesis of Cu2O/Ag Composite Nanocubes with Promising Photoluminescence and Photodegradation Activity over Methylene Blue Dye

Locally available Clays of Bangladesh as a Replacement of imported Clays for Ceramic Industries 

Green Synthesis and Characterization of Silver Nanoparticles using Cassia auriculata Leaves Extract and Its Efficacy as A Potential Antibacterial and Cytotoxic Effect

Upcoming Congress

Knowledge Experience at Sea TM