1Institute of Advanced Technology, Universiti Putra, Serdang, 43300 Selangor, Malaysia
2Department of Environmental Toxicology, Southern University and A&M College, Baton Rouge, LA 70813, USA
3Department of Chemistry, Uka Tarsadia University, Maliba Campus, Gopal Vidyanagar, Bardoli 394350, India
Adv. Mater. Lett., 2014, 5 (6), pp 315-324
Publication Date (Web): Mar 23, 2014
Copyright © IAAM-VBRI Press
In continuation to our previous work, the superparamagnetic Fe3O4@Au core-shell type nanoparticles (NPs) were further characterized by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), electrical conductivity, impedance and cyclic voltammetry measurements. From the analysis of DSC and TGA results with our Fe3O4@Au NPs of about 6.25 ± 0.6 nm size, we observed a clear endothermic peak at 310°C due to the decomposition of the oleic acid/oleylamine surface ligands and the particles found to contain more than 80% of the metallic content from the mixed compositions of gold and iron oxide were observed. Because of the conduction through the Fe3O4@Au grain, the impedance profile of the pellet exhibited a well-resolved semi-circle and an inclined spike in a far low-frequency region. The electrical conductivity of the Fe3O4@Au material found to be increased with an increase of temperature. The standard Gibbs free energy (ΔG) of the reaction provided a criterion for spontaneous changes in the equilibrium of the material. From the analysis of the results of ΔG, it appears that at 25°C temperature, ΔS found to be negative. The calculated enthalpy, ΔH = -0.635 kJ/mol, at the corresponding entropy of ΔS = -0.132 kJ/mol. Finally, the activation energy in temperature range of 25-200°C for the Fe3O4@Au core-shell material was calculated using Line fitting and the surface characterization by using cyclic voltammetry. The electrochemical redox property of the Fe3O4@Au shows quasi-reversible wave corresponding to Au3+/Au2+.In addition, the electrochemical parameters for Fe3O4@Au NPs of Ecp, Eap, Eo1/2 and were also obtained. Since the Fe3O4@Au material has low activation energy at low temperature range which makes it a good candidate as an ion conductor and even has the potential uses in many solid state devices and also in the future prospects of electrochemistry applications.
Fe3O4@Au, gold nanoshell, Core-shell structure, electrical conductivity, impedance measurements, Gibbs free energy, activation energy