Improving The Mechanical And Thermal Properties Of Semi-coke Based Carbon/copper Composites Reinforced Using Carbon Nanotubes

S. Kumari1*, A. Kumar1, P. R. Sengupta1, P. K. Dutta2, R. B. Mathur1

1CSIR-National Physical Laboratory, Dr. K.S. Krishnan Marg, New Delhi 110012, India

2Motilal Nehru National Institute of Technology, Allahabad, India

Adv. Mater. Lett., 2014, 5 (5), pp 265-271

DOI: 10.5185/amlett.2013.10546

Publication Date (Web): Mar 09, 2014

E-mail: kumaris@mail.nplindia.ernet.in

Abstract


Multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT)- reinforced carbon/copper (C/Cu) composites were developed by powder metallurgy technique and mixed powders of C and Cu were consolidated into plates without using any extra binder followed by sintering at 1000oC in inert atmosphere. Samples were characterized for structural, mechanical, electrical and thermal properties w.r.t. different mass fraction of MWCNT in C-Cu matrix. In comparison to C/Cu composite, addition of minute amount (0.25 wt%) of CNT in C-Cu substantially improved the mechanical, electrical and thermal properties of composites. These composites were mechanically stable and strong and exhibited high bending strength of 162 MPa, indicating a homogeneous dispersion of MWCNTs in the C-Cu matrix. Maximum thermal conductivity of 37.60 W/mK perpendicular to the pressing direction was obtained for 0.50 wt% CNT reinforced C-Cu composite exhibiting an improvement of 45% over pure C-Cu composite processed under identical conditions. High thermal conducting and mechanically strong composites can be used as heat sink for long time.

Keywords

Carbon nanotubes, carbon/copper composite, electrical properties, mechanical properties, thermal properties

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