Crystallization and grain growth behavior of La2O3-doped yttria-stabilized zirconia
1Department of Mechanical Engineering, Harran University, 63300, Sanliurfa, Turkey
2Metallurgical and Materials Engineering Department, Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey
3Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, Mehmet Akif Ersoy University, Burdur, Turkey
Adv. Mater. Lett., 2014, 5 (5), pp 260-264
Publication Date (Web): Mar 09, 2014
Copyright © IAAM-VBRI Press
The effect of La2O3 addition on the microstructure and grain growth behavior of yttria-stabilized zirconia (8YSZ) was investigated. To this end, 8YSZ was doped with 1–15 wt% La2O3 by means of colloidal processing, and then sintered at 1550 °C for 1 h. XRD results identified a dissolution limit of 5 wt% La2O3 in 8YSZ, the insoluble La2O3 at higher concentrations reacting with ZrO2 during sintering to form a secondary La2Zr2O7 phase. Both undoped and La2O3-doped 8YSZ specimens were annealed at 1400, 1500, and 1600 °C for 10, 50, and 100 h to induce grain growth. Grain growth measurement results showed that an increase in annealing temperature and holding time caused to grain growth in all specimens. Excessive grain growth was observed in the case of the undoped, and 1-5 wt% La2O3-doped 8YSZ specimens; however, the grain growth in 10 and 15 wt% La2O3-doped 8YSZ was inhibited by the formation of a pyrochloric La2Zr2O7 secondary phase around the grains and grain boundaries of 8YSZ. Grain growth exponent (n) and activation energy (Q) values for grain growth of undoped 8YSZ were obtained as 3, and 358 kJ/mol, respectively, while 15 wt% La2O3 containing specimens had a grain growth exponent of 3, and activation energy of 413 kJ/mol. These results indicate that grain growth rate can be controlled by the addition of 10 or 15 wt% La2O3.
Yttria-stabilized zirconia (8YSZ), pyrochloric La2Zr2O7, grain growth, solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC).