Gas Effect On The Surface Photovoltage Of Porphyrin Functionalized ZnO Nanorods

Yuvaraj Sivalingam1, Gabriele Magna1, Giuseppe Pomarico2, Eugenio Martinelli1, Roberto Paolesse2, Arnaldo D’Amico1 and Corrado Di Natale1*

1Dipartimento di Ingegneria Elettronica, Università di Roma “Tor Vergata” Via del Politecnico, 00133, Roma, Italy

2Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Chimiche, Università di Roma “Tor Vergata” Via della ricerca scientifica, 00133, Roma, Italy

Adv. Mater. Lett., 2012, 'ICNANO 2011' Special Issue-1, 3 (6), pp 442-448

DOI: 10.5185/amlett.2012.icnano.144

Publication Date (Web): Sep 23, 2012



Recent studies suggest that the gas sensitivity of porphyrin-functionalized ZnO nanorods can be activated under visible light illumination. Then the use of properly coloured light tuned to the absorbance spectra of individual porphyrins could enable a control of sensors sensitivity. The effect of light on the sensitivity to gases is critically governed by the transport phenomena of electronic charge across the interfaces of organic and inorganic structures. Therefore, accurate measurements of energy levels and contact potential differences in porphyrins functionalized ZnO nanorods are important to intepret the sensing properties of such hybrid materials. For the scope, Kelvin probe measurements of porphyrin-ZnO structures were performed exposing the material in dark and visible light and to organic vapours. Results provide an experimental basis to understand the mutual effects of gas adsorption and illumination to the device conductivity.


Organic-inorganic hybrid, ZnO nanorods, microdrop, porphyrins, kelvin probe.

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